Nanotechnology offers advanced biomedical tools for diagnosis and drug delivery, stressing the value of investigating the mechanisms by which nanocarriers interact with the biological environment. Herein, the cellular response to CD44-targeted nanoparticles (NPs) was investigated. CD44, the main hyaluronic acid (HA) receptor, is widely exploited as a target for therapeutic purposes. HA NPs were produced by microfluidic platform starting from HA with different molecular weights (Mw, 280, 540, 820 kDa) by polyelectrolyte complexation with chitosan (CS). Thanks to microfluidic technology, HA/CS NPs with the same physical features were produced, and only the effects of HA Mw on CD44-overexpressing cells (human mesenchymal stem cells, hMSCs) were studied. This work provides evidence of the HA/CS NPs biocompatibility regardless the HA Mw and reveals the effect of low Mw HA in improving the cell proliferation. Special attention was paid to the endocytic mechanisms used by HA/CS NPs to enter hMSCs. The results show the notable role of CD44 and the pronounced effect of HA Mw in the NPs’ internalization. HA/CS NPs uptake occurs via different endocytic pathways simultaneously, and most notably, NPs with 280 kDa HA were internalized by clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Instead, NPs with 820 kDa HA revealed a greater contribution of caveolae and cytoskeleton components.

CD44-Targeted Carriers: The Role of Molecular Weight of Hyaluronic Acid in the Uptake of Hyaluronic Acid-Based Nanoparticles

Chiesa E.
;
Greco A.;Riva F.;Dorati R.;Conti B.;Modena T.;Genta I.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Nanotechnology offers advanced biomedical tools for diagnosis and drug delivery, stressing the value of investigating the mechanisms by which nanocarriers interact with the biological environment. Herein, the cellular response to CD44-targeted nanoparticles (NPs) was investigated. CD44, the main hyaluronic acid (HA) receptor, is widely exploited as a target for therapeutic purposes. HA NPs were produced by microfluidic platform starting from HA with different molecular weights (Mw, 280, 540, 820 kDa) by polyelectrolyte complexation with chitosan (CS). Thanks to microfluidic technology, HA/CS NPs with the same physical features were produced, and only the effects of HA Mw on CD44-overexpressing cells (human mesenchymal stem cells, hMSCs) were studied. This work provides evidence of the HA/CS NPs biocompatibility regardless the HA Mw and reveals the effect of low Mw HA in improving the cell proliferation. Special attention was paid to the endocytic mechanisms used by HA/CS NPs to enter hMSCs. The results show the notable role of CD44 and the pronounced effect of HA Mw in the NPs’ internalization. HA/CS NPs uptake occurs via different endocytic pathways simultaneously, and most notably, NPs with 280 kDa HA were internalized by clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Instead, NPs with 820 kDa HA revealed a greater contribution of caveolae and cytoskeleton components.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1450305
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