Aquaporins (AQPs) are transmembrane water channels and some of them are permeable in addition to water to other small solutes including hydrogen peroxide. The sperm cells of mammals and fishes express different AQPs, although there is no agreement in the literature on their localization. In humans, AQP3 and AQP11 are expressed mainly in the tail, AQP7 in the head and AQP8 in the midpiece. Thanks to the results of experiments with KO mice and to data obtained by comparing sub-fertile patients with normospermic subjects, the importance of AQPs for the normal functioning of sperms to ensure normal fertility emerged. AQP3, AQP7 and AQP11 appeared involved in the sperm volume regulation, a key role for fertility because osmoadaptation protect the sperm against a swelling and tail bending that could affect sperm motility. AQP8 seems to have a fundamental role in regulating the elimination of hydrogen peroxide, the most abundant reactive oxygen species (ROS), and therefore in the response to oxidative stress. In this review, the human AQPs expression, their localization and functions, as well as their relevance in normal fertility are discussed. To understand better the AQPs role in human sperm functionality, the results of studies obtained in other animal species were also considered.

Human sperm functioning is related to the aquaporin-mediated water and hydrogen peroxide transport regulation

Pellavio G.;Laforenza U.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Aquaporins (AQPs) are transmembrane water channels and some of them are permeable in addition to water to other small solutes including hydrogen peroxide. The sperm cells of mammals and fishes express different AQPs, although there is no agreement in the literature on their localization. In humans, AQP3 and AQP11 are expressed mainly in the tail, AQP7 in the head and AQP8 in the midpiece. Thanks to the results of experiments with KO mice and to data obtained by comparing sub-fertile patients with normospermic subjects, the importance of AQPs for the normal functioning of sperms to ensure normal fertility emerged. AQP3, AQP7 and AQP11 appeared involved in the sperm volume regulation, a key role for fertility because osmoadaptation protect the sperm against a swelling and tail bending that could affect sperm motility. AQP8 seems to have a fundamental role in regulating the elimination of hydrogen peroxide, the most abundant reactive oxygen species (ROS), and therefore in the response to oxidative stress. In this review, the human AQPs expression, their localization and functions, as well as their relevance in normal fertility are discussed. To understand better the AQPs role in human sperm functionality, the results of studies obtained in other animal species were also considered.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1452163
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