Researchers and practitioners widely employ simplified Equivalent Frame Models (EFM) for reproducing the in-plane governed response of unreinforced brick masonry (URM) structures, as they typically represent an acceptable compromise between numerical accuracy and computational cost. However, when considering URM structural systems with irregular opening distribution, the definition of the effective height and length of deformable components (i.e. pier and spandrel elements) still represents an open challenge. In this work, the influence of irregular distribution of openings on the predicted lateral response of full-scale URM façades was investigated. To this end, several geometrical combinations characterised by various degrees of irregularity were considered and idealised according to commonly employed EF discretisation approaches. Then, after a preliminary calibration process against experimental tests on both individual piers and a full-scale building façade, EFM results were compared with micro-modelling predictions, carried out within the framework of the Applied Element Method and used as a benchmark. Although in specific irregular configurations using some discretisation approaches, macro and micro-models converge to similar results, non-negligible differences in terms of initial lateral stiffness, base-shear and damage distribution were observed with other EF schemes or opening layouts, thus indicating that a careful selection of appropriate criteria is indeed needed when performing in-plane analyses of URM systems with irregular opening distributions. Finally, building on inferred simulated data, potential solutions are given to overcome typical EF discretisation issues and better approximate micro-modelling outcomes.

Equivalent frame discretisation for URM façades with irregular opening layouts

Morandini C.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Malomo D.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Penna A.
Supervision
2022-01-01

Abstract

Researchers and practitioners widely employ simplified Equivalent Frame Models (EFM) for reproducing the in-plane governed response of unreinforced brick masonry (URM) structures, as they typically represent an acceptable compromise between numerical accuracy and computational cost. However, when considering URM structural systems with irregular opening distribution, the definition of the effective height and length of deformable components (i.e. pier and spandrel elements) still represents an open challenge. In this work, the influence of irregular distribution of openings on the predicted lateral response of full-scale URM façades was investigated. To this end, several geometrical combinations characterised by various degrees of irregularity were considered and idealised according to commonly employed EF discretisation approaches. Then, after a preliminary calibration process against experimental tests on both individual piers and a full-scale building façade, EFM results were compared with micro-modelling predictions, carried out within the framework of the Applied Element Method and used as a benchmark. Although in specific irregular configurations using some discretisation approaches, macro and micro-models converge to similar results, non-negligible differences in terms of initial lateral stiffness, base-shear and damage distribution were observed with other EF schemes or opening layouts, thus indicating that a careful selection of appropriate criteria is indeed needed when performing in-plane analyses of URM systems with irregular opening distributions. Finally, building on inferred simulated data, potential solutions are given to overcome typical EF discretisation issues and better approximate micro-modelling outcomes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1452445
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