A novel thiophene derivative, namely 2,5-diisopropenylthiophene (DIT) was synthetized by Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction (SMCCR). The influence of reaction parameters, such as temperature, solvent, stoichiometry of reagents, role of the base and reaction medium were thoroughly discussed in view of yield optimization and environmental impact minimization. Basic design of experiment (DoE) and multiple linear regression (MLR) modeling methods were used to interpret the obtained results. DIT was then employed as a comonomer in the copolymerization with waste elemental sulfur through a green process, inverse vulcanization (IV), to obtain sulfur-rich polymers named inverse vulcanized polymers (IVPs) possessing high refractive index (n approximate to 1.8). The DIT comonomer was purposely designed to (i) favor the IV process owing to the high reactivity of the isopropenyl functionalities and (ii) enhance the refractive index of the ensuing IVPs owing to the presence of the sulfur atom itself and to the high electronic polarizability of the pi-conjugated thiophene ring. A series of random sulfur-r-diisopropenylthiophene (S-r-DIT) copolymers with sulfur content from 50 up to 90 wt% were synthesized by varying the S/DIT feed ratio. Spectroscopic, thermal and optical characterizations of the new IVPs were carried out to assess their main chemical-physical features.

2,5-Diisopropenylthiophene by Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling reaction and its exploitation in inverse vulcanization: a case study

Patrini, Maddalena;
2022

Abstract

A novel thiophene derivative, namely 2,5-diisopropenylthiophene (DIT) was synthetized by Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction (SMCCR). The influence of reaction parameters, such as temperature, solvent, stoichiometry of reagents, role of the base and reaction medium were thoroughly discussed in view of yield optimization and environmental impact minimization. Basic design of experiment (DoE) and multiple linear regression (MLR) modeling methods were used to interpret the obtained results. DIT was then employed as a comonomer in the copolymerization with waste elemental sulfur through a green process, inverse vulcanization (IV), to obtain sulfur-rich polymers named inverse vulcanized polymers (IVPs) possessing high refractive index (n approximate to 1.8). The DIT comonomer was purposely designed to (i) favor the IV process owing to the high reactivity of the isopropenyl functionalities and (ii) enhance the refractive index of the ensuing IVPs owing to the presence of the sulfur atom itself and to the high electronic polarizability of the pi-conjugated thiophene ring. A series of random sulfur-r-diisopropenylthiophene (S-r-DIT) copolymers with sulfur content from 50 up to 90 wt% were synthesized by varying the S/DIT feed ratio. Spectroscopic, thermal and optical characterizations of the new IVPs were carried out to assess their main chemical-physical features.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1454866
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