The information content of a source is defined in terms of the minimum number of bits needed to store the output of the source in a perfectly recoverable way. A similar definition can be given in the case of quantum sources, with qubits replacing bits. In the mentioned cases the information content can be quantified through Shannon???s and von Neumann???s entropy, respectively. Here we extend the definition of information content to operational probabilistic theories, and prove relevant properties such as the subadditivity and the relation between purity and information content of a state. We prove the consistency of the present notion of information content when applied to the classical and the quantum case. Finally, the relation with one of the notions of entropy that can be introduced in general probabilistic theories, the maximum accessible information, is given in terms of a lower bound.

Shannon theory beyond quantum: Information content of a source

Perinotti, P;Tosini, A;Vaglini, L
2022

Abstract

The information content of a source is defined in terms of the minimum number of bits needed to store the output of the source in a perfectly recoverable way. A similar definition can be given in the case of quantum sources, with qubits replacing bits. In the mentioned cases the information content can be quantified through Shannon???s and von Neumann???s entropy, respectively. Here we extend the definition of information content to operational probabilistic theories, and prove relevant properties such as the subadditivity and the relation between purity and information content of a state. We prove the consistency of the present notion of information content when applied to the classical and the quantum case. Finally, the relation with one of the notions of entropy that can be introduced in general probabilistic theories, the maximum accessible information, is given in terms of a lower bound.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1459372
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