Numerical simulations of a complete laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) additive manufacturing (AM) process are extremely challenging, or even impossible, to achieve without a radical model reduction of the complex physical phenomena occurring during the process. However, even when we adopt a reduced model with simplified physics, the complex geometries of parts usually produced by the LPBF AM processes make this kind of analysis computationally expensive. In fact, small geometrical features-which might be generated when the part is designed following the principle of the so-called design for AM, for instance, by means of topology optimization procedures-often require complex conformal meshes. Immersed boundary methods offer an alternative to deal with this kind of complexity, without requiring complicated meshing strategies. The two-level method lies within this family of numerical methods and presents a flexible tool to deal with multi-scale problems. In this contribution, we apply a modified version of the recently introduced two-level method to part-scale thermal analysis of LPBF manufactured components. We first validate the proposed part-scale model with respect to experimental measurements from the literature. Then, we apply the presented numerical framework to simulate a complete LPBF process of a topologically optimized structure, showing the capability of the method to easily deal with complex geometrical features.

Two-level method part-scale thermal analysis of laser powder bed fusion additive manufacturing

Carraturo, M;Viguerie, A;Reali, A;Auricchio, F
2022

Abstract

Numerical simulations of a complete laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) additive manufacturing (AM) process are extremely challenging, or even impossible, to achieve without a radical model reduction of the complex physical phenomena occurring during the process. However, even when we adopt a reduced model with simplified physics, the complex geometries of parts usually produced by the LPBF AM processes make this kind of analysis computationally expensive. In fact, small geometrical features-which might be generated when the part is designed following the principle of the so-called design for AM, for instance, by means of topology optimization procedures-often require complex conformal meshes. Immersed boundary methods offer an alternative to deal with this kind of complexity, without requiring complicated meshing strategies. The two-level method lies within this family of numerical methods and presents a flexible tool to deal with multi-scale problems. In this contribution, we apply a modified version of the recently introduced two-level method to part-scale thermal analysis of LPBF manufactured components. We first validate the proposed part-scale model with respect to experimental measurements from the literature. Then, we apply the presented numerical framework to simulate a complete LPBF process of a topologically optimized structure, showing the capability of the method to easily deal with complex geometrical features.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1460007
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