Recently, type 2 inflammation has been recognized as one of the most critical factors participating in the pathogenesis of cystic fibrosis (CF). On the one hand, type 2 inflammation restores tissue homeostasis and contributes to the resolution of inflammation following an injury. On the other hand, type 2 response-activated immune cells may become dysregulated or chronically activated, causing tissue fibrosis. Among the type 2 cytokine-driven inflammatory pathways, the transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta), interleukin (IL)-17, IL-33, and IL-13 have been identified as essential mediators in patients suffering from CF. Given their critical role, we firmly believe that an adequate comprehension of the type 2-mediated pathways can identify attractive targets to decrease pharmacologically the inflammation and fibrosis occurring in the pulmonary tissue of patients suffering from CF.

Type 2 inflammation in cystic fibrosis: New insights

Marseglia, Gian Luigi;Licari, Amelia;
2022

Abstract

Recently, type 2 inflammation has been recognized as one of the most critical factors participating in the pathogenesis of cystic fibrosis (CF). On the one hand, type 2 inflammation restores tissue homeostasis and contributes to the resolution of inflammation following an injury. On the other hand, type 2 response-activated immune cells may become dysregulated or chronically activated, causing tissue fibrosis. Among the type 2 cytokine-driven inflammatory pathways, the transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta), interleukin (IL)-17, IL-33, and IL-13 have been identified as essential mediators in patients suffering from CF. Given their critical role, we firmly believe that an adequate comprehension of the type 2-mediated pathways can identify attractive targets to decrease pharmacologically the inflammation and fibrosis occurring in the pulmonary tissue of patients suffering from CF.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1460146
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