Binding of Staphylococcus aureus surface proteins to endothelial cell integrins plays essential roles in host cell adhesion and invasion, eventually leading to life-threatening diseases. The staphylococcal protein IsdB binds to β3-containing integrins through a mechanism that has never been thoroughly investigated. Here, we identify and characterize at the nanoscale a previously undescribed stress-dependent adhesion between IsdB and integrin αVβ3. The strength of single IsdB-αVβ3 interactions is moderate (∼100 pN) under low stress, but it increases dramatically under high stress (∼1000-2000 pN) to exceed the forces traditionally reported for the binding between integrins and Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequences. We suggest a mechanism where high mechanical stress induces conformational changes in the integrin from a low-affinity, weak binding state to a high-affinity, strong binding state. This single-molecule study highlights that direct adhesin-integrin interactions represent potential targets to fight staphylococcal infections.

Single-Molecule Analysis Demonstrates Stress-Enhanced Binding between Staphylococcus aureus Surface Protein IsdB and Host Cell Integrins

Mariangela Jessica Alfeo;Giampiero Pietrocola
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Pietro Speziale;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Binding of Staphylococcus aureus surface proteins to endothelial cell integrins plays essential roles in host cell adhesion and invasion, eventually leading to life-threatening diseases. The staphylococcal protein IsdB binds to β3-containing integrins through a mechanism that has never been thoroughly investigated. Here, we identify and characterize at the nanoscale a previously undescribed stress-dependent adhesion between IsdB and integrin αVβ3. The strength of single IsdB-αVβ3 interactions is moderate (∼100 pN) under low stress, but it increases dramatically under high stress (∼1000-2000 pN) to exceed the forces traditionally reported for the binding between integrins and Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequences. We suggest a mechanism where high mechanical stress induces conformational changes in the integrin from a low-affinity, weak binding state to a high-affinity, strong binding state. This single-molecule study highlights that direct adhesin-integrin interactions represent potential targets to fight staphylococcal infections.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1466269
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