G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are membrane receptors critically involved in sensing the environment and orchestrating physiological processes. As such, they transduce extracellular signals such as hormone, neurotransmitters, ions, and light into an integrated cell response. The intracellular trafficking, internalization, and signaling ability of ligand-activated GPCRs are controlled by arrestins, adaptor proteins that they interact with upon ligand binding. beta-arrestins 1 and 2 in particular are now considered as hub proteins assembling multiprotein complexes to regulate receptor fate and transduce diversified cell responses. While more than 400 beta-arrestin interaction partners have been identified so far, much remains to be learnt on how discrimination between so many binding partners is accomplished. Here, we gathered the interacting partners of beta-arrestins through database mining and manual curation of the literature to map the beta-arrestin interactome (beta-arrestinome). We discussed several parameters that determine compatible (AND) or mutually exclusive (XOR) binding of beta-arrestin interactors, such as structural constraints, intracellular abundance, or binding affinity.

A Comprehensive View of the β-Arrestinome

Kiel, Christina
2017-01-01

Abstract

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are membrane receptors critically involved in sensing the environment and orchestrating physiological processes. As such, they transduce extracellular signals such as hormone, neurotransmitters, ions, and light into an integrated cell response. The intracellular trafficking, internalization, and signaling ability of ligand-activated GPCRs are controlled by arrestins, adaptor proteins that they interact with upon ligand binding. beta-arrestins 1 and 2 in particular are now considered as hub proteins assembling multiprotein complexes to regulate receptor fate and transduce diversified cell responses. While more than 400 beta-arrestin interaction partners have been identified so far, much remains to be learnt on how discrimination between so many binding partners is accomplished. Here, we gathered the interacting partners of beta-arrestins through database mining and manual curation of the literature to map the beta-arrestin interactome (beta-arrestinome). We discussed several parameters that determine compatible (AND) or mutually exclusive (XOR) binding of beta-arrestin interactors, such as structural constraints, intracellular abundance, or binding affinity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1469180
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