: Guanidine DNA quadruplex (G4-DNA) structures convey a distinctive layer of epigenetic information that is critical for regulating key biological activities and processes as transcription, replication, and repair in living cells. The information regarding their role and use as therapeutic drug targets in bacteria is still scarce. Here, we tested the biological activity of a G4-DNA ligand library, based on the naphthalene diimide (NDI) pharmacophore, against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. For the best compound identified, NDI-10, a different action mechanism was described for Gram-positive or negative bacteria. This asymmetric activity profile could be related to the different prevalence of putative G4-DNA structures in each group, the influence that they can exert on gene expression, and the different roles of the G4 structures in these bacteria, which seem to promote transcription in Gram-positive bacteria and repress transcription in Gram-negatives.

G-Quadruplex DNA as a Target in Pathogenic Bacteria: Efficacy of an Extended Naphthalene Diimide Ligand and Its Mode of Action

Pirota V.;Freccero M.;Doria F.
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

: Guanidine DNA quadruplex (G4-DNA) structures convey a distinctive layer of epigenetic information that is critical for regulating key biological activities and processes as transcription, replication, and repair in living cells. The information regarding their role and use as therapeutic drug targets in bacteria is still scarce. Here, we tested the biological activity of a G4-DNA ligand library, based on the naphthalene diimide (NDI) pharmacophore, against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. For the best compound identified, NDI-10, a different action mechanism was described for Gram-positive or negative bacteria. This asymmetric activity profile could be related to the different prevalence of putative G4-DNA structures in each group, the influence that they can exert on gene expression, and the different roles of the G4 structures in these bacteria, which seem to promote transcription in Gram-positive bacteria and repress transcription in Gram-negatives.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1469315
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