The use of artificial intelligence (AI) and radiomics in the healthcare setting to advance disease diagnosis and management and facilitate the creation of new therapeutics is gaining popularity. Given the vast amount of data collected during cancer therapy, there is significant concern in leveraging the algorithms and technologies available with the underlying goal of improving oncologic care. Radiologists will attain better precision and effectiveness with the advent of AI technology, making machine-assisted medical services a valuable and important option for future oncologic medical care. As a result, it is critical to figure out which specific radiology activities are best positioned to gain from AI and radiomics models and methods of oncologic imaging, while also considering the algorithms' capabilities and constraints. Our purpose is to overview the current evidence and future prospects of AI and radiomics algorithms used in oncologic imaging efforts with an emphasis on the three most frequent cancers worldwide, i.e., lung cancer, breast cancer and colorectal cancer. We discuss how AI and radiomics could be used to detect and characterize cancers and assess therapy response.

A narrative review on current imaging applications of artificial intelligence and radiomics in oncology: focus on the three most common cancers

Bortolotto, Chandra;Ballerini, Daniela;Preda, Lorenzo;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) and radiomics in the healthcare setting to advance disease diagnosis and management and facilitate the creation of new therapeutics is gaining popularity. Given the vast amount of data collected during cancer therapy, there is significant concern in leveraging the algorithms and technologies available with the underlying goal of improving oncologic care. Radiologists will attain better precision and effectiveness with the advent of AI technology, making machine-assisted medical services a valuable and important option for future oncologic medical care. As a result, it is critical to figure out which specific radiology activities are best positioned to gain from AI and radiomics models and methods of oncologic imaging, while also considering the algorithms' capabilities and constraints. Our purpose is to overview the current evidence and future prospects of AI and radiomics algorithms used in oncologic imaging efforts with an emphasis on the three most frequent cancers worldwide, i.e., lung cancer, breast cancer and colorectal cancer. We discuss how AI and radiomics could be used to detect and characterize cancers and assess therapy response.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1472260
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 41
  • Scopus 57
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 52
social impact