COVID-19 convalescent plasma (CCP) has been the only specific anti-viral therapy against SARS-CoV-2 available for more than one year. Following the negative results from most randomized controlled trials on its efficacy in COVID-19 hospitalized patients and the availability of anti-spike monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), the use of CCP has subsequently rapidly faded. However, the continuous appearance of new variants of concern (VOCs), most of which escape mAbs and vaccine-elicited neutralizing antibodies (nAbs), has renewed the interest towards CCP, at least in seronegative immunocompetent patients, and in immunocompromised patients not able to mount a protective immune response. We report here the experience of a single Italian hospital in collecting and transfus-ing CCP in immunocompromised patients hospitalized for severe COVID-19 between October 2021 and March 2022. During this 6-month period, we collected CCP from 32 vaccinated and convalescent regular blood donors, and infused high nAb-titer CCP units (titered against the specific VOC affecting the recipient) to 21 hospitalized patients with severe COVID-19, all of them seronegative at the time of CCP transfusion. Patients’ median age was 66 years (IQR 50–74 years) and approximately half of them (47.6%, 10/21) were immunocompromised. Two patients were rescued after previous failure of mAbs. No adverse reactions following CCP transfusion were recorded. A 28-day mortality rate of 14.3 percent (3/21) was reported, with age, advanced disease stage and late CCP transfusion associated with a worse outcome. This real-life experience also supports the use of CCP in seronegative hospitalized COVID-19 patients during the Delta and Omicron waves.

Variant of Concern-Matched COVID-19 Convalescent Plasma Usage in Seronegative Hospitalized Patients

Franchini M.;Stefania M.;Sammartino J. C.;Baldanti F.
2022-01-01

Abstract

COVID-19 convalescent plasma (CCP) has been the only specific anti-viral therapy against SARS-CoV-2 available for more than one year. Following the negative results from most randomized controlled trials on its efficacy in COVID-19 hospitalized patients and the availability of anti-spike monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), the use of CCP has subsequently rapidly faded. However, the continuous appearance of new variants of concern (VOCs), most of which escape mAbs and vaccine-elicited neutralizing antibodies (nAbs), has renewed the interest towards CCP, at least in seronegative immunocompetent patients, and in immunocompromised patients not able to mount a protective immune response. We report here the experience of a single Italian hospital in collecting and transfus-ing CCP in immunocompromised patients hospitalized for severe COVID-19 between October 2021 and March 2022. During this 6-month period, we collected CCP from 32 vaccinated and convalescent regular blood donors, and infused high nAb-titer CCP units (titered against the specific VOC affecting the recipient) to 21 hospitalized patients with severe COVID-19, all of them seronegative at the time of CCP transfusion. Patients’ median age was 66 years (IQR 50–74 years) and approximately half of them (47.6%, 10/21) were immunocompromised. Two patients were rescued after previous failure of mAbs. No adverse reactions following CCP transfusion were recorded. A 28-day mortality rate of 14.3 percent (3/21) was reported, with age, advanced disease stage and late CCP transfusion associated with a worse outcome. This real-life experience also supports the use of CCP in seronegative hospitalized COVID-19 patients during the Delta and Omicron waves.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1473775
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact