In dynamic soil-structure interaction problems, involving the coupling of structure, foundation and soil, the use of a nonlinear macro-element modelling approach may result particularly advantageous not only to consider nonlinear effects and thus avoid the introduction of possible bias in seismic risk assessment analyses, especially when ground motion intensity levels are high, but also to greatly reduce the heavy computational effort required by 3D finite element soil-block models. In this work, a footing macro-element that models the soil nonlinear behaviour at near-field, as well as the far-field dynamic impedance and energy dissipation through radiation damping, is verified against results obtained from the analysis with OpenSees of a 3D nonlinear soil-block model, itself verified through cross-checks and cross-modelling efforts with equivalent-linear analyses in STRATA and nonlinear analyses in DEEPSOIL. Considering two soil profiles of different complexity and two records of different intensity, one of which leads to extensive soil nonlinearity, the soil-block is verified first. Then, the macro-element model, available in SeismoStruct, is verified against the soil-block model in terms of structural response of a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) system as well as near-field soil-footing behaviour.
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