Peripheral nerve injury is one of the most debilitating pathologies that severely impair patients' life. Although many efforts have been made to advance in the treatment of such a complex disorder, successful strategies to ensure full recovery are still scarce. The aim of the present work was to develop flexible and mechanically resistant platforms intended to act as a support and guide for neural cells during the regeneration process of peripheral nerve injury. For this purpose, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)/poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA)/poly(ethylene glycol) 400 (PEG)-multichannel-based scaffolds (MCs) were prepared through a multistep process involving electrospun microfibers coated with a polymer blend solution and used as a sacrificial mold. In particular, scaffolds characterized by random (MCR) and aligned (MCA) multichannel were obtained. A design of experiments approach (DoE) was employed to identify a scaffold-optimized composition. MCs were characterized for morphological and mechanical properties, suturability, degradability, cell colonization, and in vivo safety. A new biodegradable, biocompatible, and safe microscale multichannel scaffold was developed as the result of an easy multistep procedure.

Design of Novel Mechanically Resistant and Biodegradable Multichannel Platforms for the Treatment of Peripheral Nerve Injuries

Valentino, Caterina;Vigani, Barbara;Zucca, Gaia;Ruggeri, Marco;Marrubini, Giorgio;Boselli, Cinzia;Icaro Cornaglia, Antonia;Sandri, Giuseppina;Rossi, Silvia
2023-01-01

Abstract

Peripheral nerve injury is one of the most debilitating pathologies that severely impair patients' life. Although many efforts have been made to advance in the treatment of such a complex disorder, successful strategies to ensure full recovery are still scarce. The aim of the present work was to develop flexible and mechanically resistant platforms intended to act as a support and guide for neural cells during the regeneration process of peripheral nerve injury. For this purpose, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)/poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA)/poly(ethylene glycol) 400 (PEG)-multichannel-based scaffolds (MCs) were prepared through a multistep process involving electrospun microfibers coated with a polymer blend solution and used as a sacrificial mold. In particular, scaffolds characterized by random (MCR) and aligned (MCA) multichannel were obtained. A design of experiments approach (DoE) was employed to identify a scaffold-optimized composition. MCs were characterized for morphological and mechanical properties, suturability, degradability, cell colonization, and in vivo safety. A new biodegradable, biocompatible, and safe microscale multichannel scaffold was developed as the result of an easy multistep procedure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1476424
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