Lipoproteins (LPs) are multimolecular complexes of lipids and proteins responsible for transporting fatty acids, cholesterol, and micronutrients (carotenoids) through the body. The quantification of triglycerides and cholesterol carried by lipoproteins is a leading clinical parameter to assess the increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, in recent times, the study of the overall "quality" of lipoproteins, defined by their biochemical composition and oxidation state, has emerged as necessary to improve the definition of the cardiovascular risk. In this work, we present Raman spectroscopy (RS) as an effective method to immediately detect the functional groups relative to the principal biochemical components and the level of unsaturated lipids present in LPs. Furthermore, we show how RS can reveal the differences in the biochemical composition and oxidation state of LPs extracted from a cohort of obese patients (Ob) and a control group of healthy subjects (HC). In particular, RS revealed how low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) from obese patients are enriched in triglycerides and more oxidized than those from the control group, while high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) from Ob patients were depleted in cholesterol and phospholipids. RS analysis also allowed the study of the relationship between the levels of carotenoids present in the different classes of LPs highlighting how this parameter depends on the disease severity. Overall, these results demonstrated that RS is a viable approach for quickly and effectively gaining information on LPs' biochemical composition and oxidation state, providing an immediate measure of their quality. Besides, RS further proved the role of LPs in obesity and metabolic dysfunctions.

Determination of the quality of lipoproteins by Raman spectroscopy in obese and healthy subjects

Magri, Flavia;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Lipoproteins (LPs) are multimolecular complexes of lipids and proteins responsible for transporting fatty acids, cholesterol, and micronutrients (carotenoids) through the body. The quantification of triglycerides and cholesterol carried by lipoproteins is a leading clinical parameter to assess the increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, in recent times, the study of the overall "quality" of lipoproteins, defined by their biochemical composition and oxidation state, has emerged as necessary to improve the definition of the cardiovascular risk. In this work, we present Raman spectroscopy (RS) as an effective method to immediately detect the functional groups relative to the principal biochemical components and the level of unsaturated lipids present in LPs. Furthermore, we show how RS can reveal the differences in the biochemical composition and oxidation state of LPs extracted from a cohort of obese patients (Ob) and a control group of healthy subjects (HC). In particular, RS revealed how low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) from obese patients are enriched in triglycerides and more oxidized than those from the control group, while high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) from Ob patients were depleted in cholesterol and phospholipids. RS analysis also allowed the study of the relationship between the levels of carotenoids present in the different classes of LPs highlighting how this parameter depends on the disease severity. Overall, these results demonstrated that RS is a viable approach for quickly and effectively gaining information on LPs' biochemical composition and oxidation state, providing an immediate measure of their quality. Besides, RS further proved the role of LPs in obesity and metabolic dysfunctions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1476682
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