Background: The response of the right ventricle (RV) to the hemodynamic effects of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is currently unpredictable. We hypothesized that the presence of uni-or bi-ventricular failure before implantation and the cannulation strategy may in-fluence this interaction. We sought to assess the RV performance during VA-ECMO support and identify RV-related predictors of successful weaning.Methods: Changes in RV size and function during VA-ECMO support by echocardiography were retro-spectively analyzed in 87 consecutive adult patients between February 2008 and June 2017. Predictors of successful weaning due to myocardial recovery were evaluated by multivariable logistic regression.Results: RV echocardiographic parameters did not vary significantly during VA-ECMO support and neither after stratification by the type of cannulation or the presence of isolated or biventricular failure. Successful weaning was conditioned by the absence of RV dysfunction before implantation (OR, 14.7; 95% CI, 13.3-140.3; p = 0.025) or in the last day of support (OR, 9.5; 95% CI, 1.6-54; p = 0.011) and was favored by a total or partial recovery of RV function during the assistance (OR, 6.2; 95%CI, 1.7-22.4; p = 0.005). RV improvement was more often observed in patients with acute RV failure and longer support, while VA-ECMO configuration, additional mechanical support, or pharmacological therapy had no effect.Conclusions: Preservation or improvement of RV function during VA-ECMO is essential for successful weaning. RV echocardiographic performance does not change significantly during VA-ECMO support and is not influenced by cannulation type or the presence of uni-or bi-ventricular failure before implantation.(c) 2022 Hellenic Society of Cardiology. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Interaction between VA-ECMO and the right ventricle

Tavazzi, Guido;Delgado, Juan;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: The response of the right ventricle (RV) to the hemodynamic effects of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is currently unpredictable. We hypothesized that the presence of uni-or bi-ventricular failure before implantation and the cannulation strategy may in-fluence this interaction. We sought to assess the RV performance during VA-ECMO support and identify RV-related predictors of successful weaning.Methods: Changes in RV size and function during VA-ECMO support by echocardiography were retro-spectively analyzed in 87 consecutive adult patients between February 2008 and June 2017. Predictors of successful weaning due to myocardial recovery were evaluated by multivariable logistic regression.Results: RV echocardiographic parameters did not vary significantly during VA-ECMO support and neither after stratification by the type of cannulation or the presence of isolated or biventricular failure. Successful weaning was conditioned by the absence of RV dysfunction before implantation (OR, 14.7; 95% CI, 13.3-140.3; p = 0.025) or in the last day of support (OR, 9.5; 95% CI, 1.6-54; p = 0.011) and was favored by a total or partial recovery of RV function during the assistance (OR, 6.2; 95%CI, 1.7-22.4; p = 0.005). RV improvement was more often observed in patients with acute RV failure and longer support, while VA-ECMO configuration, additional mechanical support, or pharmacological therapy had no effect.Conclusions: Preservation or improvement of RV function during VA-ECMO is essential for successful weaning. RV echocardiographic performance does not change significantly during VA-ECMO support and is not influenced by cannulation type or the presence of uni-or bi-ventricular failure before implantation.(c) 2022 Hellenic Society of Cardiology. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1476907
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