Monocytosis may occur in numerous inflammatory conditions but is also the defining feature of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). Clonal somatic mutations detectable in CMML may occur with aging in otherwise healthy individuals, so-called "clonal hematopoiesis" (CH). We investigated whether the combination of CH and monocytosis would represent an early developmental stage of CMML. We studied community-dwelling individuals with monocytosis (>= 1 x 10(9)/L and >= 10% of leukocytes) in the population-based Lifelines cohort (n = 144 676 adults). The prevalence and spectrum of CH were evaluated for individuals >= 60 years with monocytosis (n = 167 [0.8%]), and control subjects 1:3 matched for age and sex (n = 501). Diagnoses of hematological malignancies were retrieved by linkage to the Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR). Monocyte counts and the prevalence of monocytosis increased with advancing age. Older individuals with monocytosis more frequently carried CH (50.9% vs 35.5%; P < .001). Monocytosis is associated with enrichment of multiple gene mutations (P = .006) and spliceosome mutations (P = .007) but not isolated mutated DNMT3A, TET2, or ASXL1. Persistent monocytosis over 4 years was observed in 30/102 evaluable individuals and associated with a higher prevalence of CH (63%). Myeloid malignancies, including 1 case of CMML, developed in 4 individuals with monocytosis who all carried CH. In conclusion, monocytosis and CH both occur at an older age and do not necessarily reflect clonal monocytic proliferation. In a fraction of older subjects with monocytosis, CH might constitute early clonal dominance in developing malignant myelomonocytic disease. Mutational spectra deviating from age-related CH require attention.

Monocytosis and its association with clonal hematopoiesis in community-dwelling individuals

Malcovati, Luca;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Monocytosis may occur in numerous inflammatory conditions but is also the defining feature of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). Clonal somatic mutations detectable in CMML may occur with aging in otherwise healthy individuals, so-called "clonal hematopoiesis" (CH). We investigated whether the combination of CH and monocytosis would represent an early developmental stage of CMML. We studied community-dwelling individuals with monocytosis (>= 1 x 10(9)/L and >= 10% of leukocytes) in the population-based Lifelines cohort (n = 144 676 adults). The prevalence and spectrum of CH were evaluated for individuals >= 60 years with monocytosis (n = 167 [0.8%]), and control subjects 1:3 matched for age and sex (n = 501). Diagnoses of hematological malignancies were retrieved by linkage to the Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR). Monocyte counts and the prevalence of monocytosis increased with advancing age. Older individuals with monocytosis more frequently carried CH (50.9% vs 35.5%; P < .001). Monocytosis is associated with enrichment of multiple gene mutations (P = .006) and spliceosome mutations (P = .007) but not isolated mutated DNMT3A, TET2, or ASXL1. Persistent monocytosis over 4 years was observed in 30/102 evaluable individuals and associated with a higher prevalence of CH (63%). Myeloid malignancies, including 1 case of CMML, developed in 4 individuals with monocytosis who all carried CH. In conclusion, monocytosis and CH both occur at an older age and do not necessarily reflect clonal monocytic proliferation. In a fraction of older subjects with monocytosis, CH might constitute early clonal dominance in developing malignant myelomonocytic disease. Mutational spectra deviating from age-related CH require attention.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1477206
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