Direct measurement of electric currents can be prevented by poor accessibility or prohibitive technical conditions. In such cases, magnetic sensors can be used to measure the field in regions adjacent to the sources, and the measured data then can be used to estimate source currents. Unfortunately, this is classified as an Electromagnetic Inverse Problem (EIP), and data from sensors must be cautiously treated to obtain meaningful current measurements. The usual approach requires using suited regularization schemes. On the other hand, behavioral approaches are recently spreading for this class of problems. The reconstructed model is not obliged to follow the physics equations, and this implies approximations which must be accurately controlled, especially if aiming to reconstruct an inverse model from examples. In this paper, a systematic study of the role of different learning parameters (or rules) on the (re-)construction of an EIP model is proposed, in comparison with more assessed regularization techniques. Attention is particularly devoted to linear EIPs, and in this class, a benchmark problem is used to illustrate in practice the results. It is shown that, by applying classical regularization methods and analogous correcting actions in behavioral models, similar results can be obtained. Both classical methodologies and neural approaches are described and compared in the paper.

Learning-Based Approaches to Current Identification from Magnetic Sensors

Di Barba P.;Mognaschi M. E.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Direct measurement of electric currents can be prevented by poor accessibility or prohibitive technical conditions. In such cases, magnetic sensors can be used to measure the field in regions adjacent to the sources, and the measured data then can be used to estimate source currents. Unfortunately, this is classified as an Electromagnetic Inverse Problem (EIP), and data from sensors must be cautiously treated to obtain meaningful current measurements. The usual approach requires using suited regularization schemes. On the other hand, behavioral approaches are recently spreading for this class of problems. The reconstructed model is not obliged to follow the physics equations, and this implies approximations which must be accurately controlled, especially if aiming to reconstruct an inverse model from examples. In this paper, a systematic study of the role of different learning parameters (or rules) on the (re-)construction of an EIP model is proposed, in comparison with more assessed regularization techniques. Attention is particularly devoted to linear EIPs, and in this class, a benchmark problem is used to illustrate in practice the results. It is shown that, by applying classical regularization methods and analogous correcting actions in behavioral models, similar results can be obtained. Both classical methodologies and neural approaches are described and compared in the paper.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1477314
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