Our knowledge regarding the role proteins play in the mutual relationship among oocytes, surrounding follicle cells, stroma, and the vascular network inside the ovary is still poor and obtaining insights into this context would significantly aid our understanding of folliculogenesis. Here, we describe a spatial proteomics approach to characterize the proteome of individual follicles at different growth stages in a whole prepubertal 25-day-old mouse ovary. A total of 401 proteins were identified by nano-scale liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-ESI-MS/MS), 69 with a known function in ovary biology, as demonstrated by earlier proteomics studies. Enrichment analysis highlighted significant KEGG and Reactome pathways, with apoptosis, developmental biology, PI3K-Akt, epigenetic regulation of gene expression, and extracellular matrix organization being well represented. Then, correlating these data with the spatial information provided by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) on 276 follicles enabled the protein profiles of single follicle types to be mapped within their native context, highlighting 94 proteins that were detected throughout the secondary to the pre-ovulatory transition. Statistical analyses identified a group of 37 proteins that showed a gradual quantitative change during follicle differentiation, comprising 10 with a known role in follicle growth (NUMA1, TPM2), oocyte germinal vesicle-to-metaphase II transition (SFPQ, ACTBL, MARCS, NUCL), ovulation (GELS, CO1A2), and preimplantation development (TIF1B, KHDC3). The proteome landscape identified includes molecules of known function in the ovary, but also those whose specific role is emerging. Altogether, this work demonstrates the utility of performing spatial proteomics in the context of the ovary and offers sound bases for more in-depth investigations that aim to further unravel its spatial proteome.

MALDI mass spectrometry imaging shows a gradual change in the proteome landscape during mouse ovarian folliculogenesis

Fiorentino, Giulia;Nicora, Giovanna;Bellazzi, Riccardo;Garagna, Silvia;Zuccotti, Maurizio
2023-01-01

Abstract

Our knowledge regarding the role proteins play in the mutual relationship among oocytes, surrounding follicle cells, stroma, and the vascular network inside the ovary is still poor and obtaining insights into this context would significantly aid our understanding of folliculogenesis. Here, we describe a spatial proteomics approach to characterize the proteome of individual follicles at different growth stages in a whole prepubertal 25-day-old mouse ovary. A total of 401 proteins were identified by nano-scale liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-ESI-MS/MS), 69 with a known function in ovary biology, as demonstrated by earlier proteomics studies. Enrichment analysis highlighted significant KEGG and Reactome pathways, with apoptosis, developmental biology, PI3K-Akt, epigenetic regulation of gene expression, and extracellular matrix organization being well represented. Then, correlating these data with the spatial information provided by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) on 276 follicles enabled the protein profiles of single follicle types to be mapped within their native context, highlighting 94 proteins that were detected throughout the secondary to the pre-ovulatory transition. Statistical analyses identified a group of 37 proteins that showed a gradual quantitative change during follicle differentiation, comprising 10 with a known role in follicle growth (NUMA1, TPM2), oocyte germinal vesicle-to-metaphase II transition (SFPQ, ACTBL, MARCS, NUCL), ovulation (GELS, CO1A2), and preimplantation development (TIF1B, KHDC3). The proteome landscape identified includes molecules of known function in the ovary, but also those whose specific role is emerging. Altogether, this work demonstrates the utility of performing spatial proteomics in the context of the ovary and offers sound bases for more in-depth investigations that aim to further unravel its spatial proteome.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1477537
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