Up to 10%-15% of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are related to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, in particular in elderly patients. The Fondazione Italiana Linfomi has recently published a multicentre prospective observational study, the 'Elderly Project', on the outcome of DLBCL in patients aged >= 65 years, evaluated using a simplified comprehensive geriatric assessment. The aim of this study was to compare biological and clinical features of HCV positive (HCV+) with HCV negative (HCV-) cases. A total of 89 HCV+ patients were identified out of 1095 evaluated for HCV serology (8.1%). The HCV+ patients were older, less fit, and had frequent extranodal involvement. The cell-of-origin determination by Nanostring showed that HCV+ cases less frequently had an activated B-cell profile compared to HCV- patients (18% vs. 43%). In all, 86% of HCV+ patients received rituximab-cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine (Oncovin) and prednisone (R-CHOP)-like immunochemotherapy. Grade 3-4 liver toxicity occurred in 3% of cases. Among centrally reviewed cases confirmed as DLBCL, the 3-year overall survival of HCV+ patients was very similar to HCV- (63% vs. 61%, p = 0.926). In all, 20 HCV+ patients were treated with direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs), with good tolerance and sustained virological response in all cases. The 3-year progression-free survival for this subgroup was excellent (77%), suggesting DAAs' possible role in reducing the risk of relapse by eliminating the viral trigger.

Biological features and outcome of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma associated with hepatitis C virus in elderly patients: Results of the prospective 'Elderly Project' by the Fondazione Italiana Linfomi

Merli, Michele;Casaluci, Gloria Margiotta;Marino, Dario;Arcaini, Luca;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Up to 10%-15% of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are related to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, in particular in elderly patients. The Fondazione Italiana Linfomi has recently published a multicentre prospective observational study, the 'Elderly Project', on the outcome of DLBCL in patients aged >= 65 years, evaluated using a simplified comprehensive geriatric assessment. The aim of this study was to compare biological and clinical features of HCV positive (HCV+) with HCV negative (HCV-) cases. A total of 89 HCV+ patients were identified out of 1095 evaluated for HCV serology (8.1%). The HCV+ patients were older, less fit, and had frequent extranodal involvement. The cell-of-origin determination by Nanostring showed that HCV+ cases less frequently had an activated B-cell profile compared to HCV- patients (18% vs. 43%). In all, 86% of HCV+ patients received rituximab-cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine (Oncovin) and prednisone (R-CHOP)-like immunochemotherapy. Grade 3-4 liver toxicity occurred in 3% of cases. Among centrally reviewed cases confirmed as DLBCL, the 3-year overall survival of HCV+ patients was very similar to HCV- (63% vs. 61%, p = 0.926). In all, 20 HCV+ patients were treated with direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs), with good tolerance and sustained virological response in all cases. The 3-year progression-free survival for this subgroup was excellent (77%), suggesting DAAs' possible role in reducing the risk of relapse by eliminating the viral trigger.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1477774
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