: The Burkholderia cepacia complex comprises environmental and clinical Gram-negative bacteria that infect particularly debilitated people, such as those with cystic fibrosis. Their high level of antibiotic resistance makes empirical treatments often ineffective, increasing the risk of worst outcomes and the diffusion of multi-drug resistance. However, the discovery of new antibiotics is not trivial, so an alternative can be the use of vaccination. Here, the reverse vaccinology approach has been used to identify antigen candidates, obtaining a short-list of 24 proteins. The localization and different aspects of virulence were investigated for three of them-BCAL1524, BCAM0949, and BCAS0335. The three antigens were localized in the outer membrane vesicles confirming that they are surface exposed. We showed that BCAL1524, a collagen-like protein, promotes bacteria auto-aggregation and plays an important role in virulence, in the Galleria mellonella model. BCAM0949, an extracellular lipase, mediates piperacillin resistance, biofilm formation in Luria Bertani and artificial sputum medium, rhamnolipid production, and swimming motility; its predicted lipolytic activity was also experimentally confirmed. BCAS0335, a trimeric adhesin, promotes minocycline resistance, biofilm organization in LB, and virulence in G. mellonella. Their important role in virulence necessitates further investigations to shed light on the usefulness of these proteins as antigen candidates.

Identification by Reverse Vaccinology of Three Virulence Factors in Burkholderia cenocepacia That May Represent Ideal Vaccine Antigens

Irudal, Samuele;Scoffone, Viola Camilla;Trespidi, Gabriele;Barbieri, Giulia;D'Amato, Maura;Viglio, Simona;Riccardi, Giovanna;Buroni, Silvia
2023-01-01

Abstract

: The Burkholderia cepacia complex comprises environmental and clinical Gram-negative bacteria that infect particularly debilitated people, such as those with cystic fibrosis. Their high level of antibiotic resistance makes empirical treatments often ineffective, increasing the risk of worst outcomes and the diffusion of multi-drug resistance. However, the discovery of new antibiotics is not trivial, so an alternative can be the use of vaccination. Here, the reverse vaccinology approach has been used to identify antigen candidates, obtaining a short-list of 24 proteins. The localization and different aspects of virulence were investigated for three of them-BCAL1524, BCAM0949, and BCAS0335. The three antigens were localized in the outer membrane vesicles confirming that they are surface exposed. We showed that BCAL1524, a collagen-like protein, promotes bacteria auto-aggregation and plays an important role in virulence, in the Galleria mellonella model. BCAM0949, an extracellular lipase, mediates piperacillin resistance, biofilm formation in Luria Bertani and artificial sputum medium, rhamnolipid production, and swimming motility; its predicted lipolytic activity was also experimentally confirmed. BCAS0335, a trimeric adhesin, promotes minocycline resistance, biofilm organization in LB, and virulence in G. mellonella. Their important role in virulence necessitates further investigations to shed light on the usefulness of these proteins as antigen candidates.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1479808
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact