Increased anandamide levels via fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibition can decrease the pronociceptive responses and inflammatory mediators in animal models of migraine. Here, we profile the pharmacological activity of the FAAH inhibitor JZP327A, a chiral 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2(3H)-one compound, in the mediation of spontaneous and nocifensive behaviour in the animal models of migraine based on nitroglycerin (NTG) administration. JZP327A (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle was administered to male rats 3 h after NTG (10 mg/kg, i.p.) or NTG vehicle injection. The rats were then exposed to the open field test and an orofacial formalin test 1 h later. The levels of endocannabinoids and lipid-related substances, and the expression of pain and inflammatory mediators were evaluated in cranial tissues and serum. The findings show that JZP327A did not affect NTG-induced changes in the spontaneous behaviour of rats, while it inhibited NTG-induced hyperalgesia at the orofacial formalin test. Furthermore, JZP327A dramatically decreased the gene expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in the trigeminal ganglia and medulla-pons, while it did not change endocannabinoids or lipids levels nor CGRP serum levels in the same tissues. These data suggest an anti-hyperalgesic role for JZP327A in the NTG model, which is mediated by the inhibition of the inflammatory cascade of events. This activity does not seem mediated by a change in the levels of endocannabinoids and lipid amides.

Activity of FAAH-Inhibitor JZP327A in an Experimental Rat Model of Migraine

Francavilla, Miriam;Demartini, Chiara;Zanaboni, Anna Maria;Palmisani, Michela;Franco, Valentina;Tassorelli, Cristina
2023-01-01

Abstract

Increased anandamide levels via fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibition can decrease the pronociceptive responses and inflammatory mediators in animal models of migraine. Here, we profile the pharmacological activity of the FAAH inhibitor JZP327A, a chiral 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2(3H)-one compound, in the mediation of spontaneous and nocifensive behaviour in the animal models of migraine based on nitroglycerin (NTG) administration. JZP327A (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle was administered to male rats 3 h after NTG (10 mg/kg, i.p.) or NTG vehicle injection. The rats were then exposed to the open field test and an orofacial formalin test 1 h later. The levels of endocannabinoids and lipid-related substances, and the expression of pain and inflammatory mediators were evaluated in cranial tissues and serum. The findings show that JZP327A did not affect NTG-induced changes in the spontaneous behaviour of rats, while it inhibited NTG-induced hyperalgesia at the orofacial formalin test. Furthermore, JZP327A dramatically decreased the gene expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in the trigeminal ganglia and medulla-pons, while it did not change endocannabinoids or lipids levels nor CGRP serum levels in the same tissues. These data suggest an anti-hyperalgesic role for JZP327A in the NTG model, which is mediated by the inhibition of the inflammatory cascade of events. This activity does not seem mediated by a change in the levels of endocannabinoids and lipid amides.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1481038
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