PurposeTo evaluate the potential beneficial and synergistic effects of oral intake of a fixed combination of citicoline 500 mg plus homotaurine 50 mg (CIT/HOMO) on retinal ganglion cell (RGC) function in subjects with glaucoma using pattern electroretinogram (PERG) and to investigate the effects on visual field and quality of life. MethodsConsecutive patients with primary open-angle glaucoma with controlled IOP (<18 mmHg) receiving beta-blockers and prostaglandin analogs alone or as combination therapy (fixed or un-fixed); with stable disease (progression no more than -1 dB/year at the visual field MD); and an early to moderate visual field defect (MD < -12 dB) were randomized to: arm A. topical therapy + CIT/HOMO for 4 months, 2 months of wash out, 4 months of topical therapy alone; arm B. topical therapy alone for 4 months, topical therapy + CIT/HOMO for 4 months, 2 months of wash out. All patients underwent 4 visits: complete ocular examination, visual field, PERG and quality of life assessment (NEI-VFQ25) were performed at each visit. ResultsFifty-seven patients completed the study: 26 in group A and 31 in group B. At the end of the intake period, PERG's P50 and N95 waves recorded a greater amplitude. The increase was statistically significant in the inferior and superior P50 waves amplitude: 0.47 mu V (95%CI, 0.02-0.93; p = 0.04) and 0.65 mu V (95% CI, 0.16-1.13; p = 0.009), respectively, and in the inferior N95 wave amplitude 0.63 mu V (95% CI, 0.22-1.04; p = 0.002). A significantly shorter peak time of 3.3 mu V (95% CI, -6.01- -0.54; p = 0.01) was observed for the superior P50 wave only. ConclusionsDaily oral intake of the fixed combination CIT/HOMO for 4 months improved the function of inner retinal cells recorded by PERG in the inferior and in the superior quadrants, independently from IOP reduction. This interesting association could represent a valid option for practicing neuromodulation in patients with glaucoma to prevent disease progression.

Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized, Single Blind, Cross-Over Study on the Effect of a Fixed Combination of Citicoline 500 mg Plus Homotaurine 50 mg on Pattern Electroretinogram (PERG) in Patients With Open Angle Glaucoma on Well Controlled Intraocular Pressure

De Silvestri, Annalisa;Picasso, Erica;Milano, Giovanni;
2022-01-01

Abstract

PurposeTo evaluate the potential beneficial and synergistic effects of oral intake of a fixed combination of citicoline 500 mg plus homotaurine 50 mg (CIT/HOMO) on retinal ganglion cell (RGC) function in subjects with glaucoma using pattern electroretinogram (PERG) and to investigate the effects on visual field and quality of life. MethodsConsecutive patients with primary open-angle glaucoma with controlled IOP (<18 mmHg) receiving beta-blockers and prostaglandin analogs alone or as combination therapy (fixed or un-fixed); with stable disease (progression no more than -1 dB/year at the visual field MD); and an early to moderate visual field defect (MD < -12 dB) were randomized to: arm A. topical therapy + CIT/HOMO for 4 months, 2 months of wash out, 4 months of topical therapy alone; arm B. topical therapy alone for 4 months, topical therapy + CIT/HOMO for 4 months, 2 months of wash out. All patients underwent 4 visits: complete ocular examination, visual field, PERG and quality of life assessment (NEI-VFQ25) were performed at each visit. ResultsFifty-seven patients completed the study: 26 in group A and 31 in group B. At the end of the intake period, PERG's P50 and N95 waves recorded a greater amplitude. The increase was statistically significant in the inferior and superior P50 waves amplitude: 0.47 mu V (95%CI, 0.02-0.93; p = 0.04) and 0.65 mu V (95% CI, 0.16-1.13; p = 0.009), respectively, and in the inferior N95 wave amplitude 0.63 mu V (95% CI, 0.22-1.04; p = 0.002). A significantly shorter peak time of 3.3 mu V (95% CI, -6.01- -0.54; p = 0.01) was observed for the superior P50 wave only. ConclusionsDaily oral intake of the fixed combination CIT/HOMO for 4 months improved the function of inner retinal cells recorded by PERG in the inferior and in the superior quadrants, independently from IOP reduction. This interesting association could represent a valid option for practicing neuromodulation in patients with glaucoma to prevent disease progression.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1481597
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