: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most malignant form of primary brain tumor. It is characterized by the presence of highly invasive cancer cells infiltrating the brain by hijacking neuronal mechanisms and interacting with non-neuronal cell types, such as astrocytes and endothelial cells. To enter the interstitial space of the brain parenchyma, GBM cells significantly shrink their volume and extend the invadopodia and lamellipodia by modulating their membrane conductance repertoire. However, the changes in the compartment-specific ionic dynamics involved in this process are still not fully understood. Here, using noninvasive perforated patch-clamp and live imaging approaches on various GBM cell lines during a wound-healing assay, we demonstrate that the sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX) is highly expressed in the lamellipodia compartment, is functionally active during GBM cell migration, and correlates with the overexpression of large conductance K+ channel (BK) potassium channels. Furthermore, a NCX blockade impairs lamellipodia formation and maintenance, as well as GBM cell migration. In conclusion, the functional expression of the NCX in the lamellipodia of GBM cells at the migrating front is a conditio sine qua non for the invasion strategy of these malignant cells and thus represents a potential target for brain tumor treatment.

Role of Na+/Ca2+ Exchanger (NCX) in Glioblastoma Cell Migration (In Vitro)

Brandalise, Federico
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ramieri, Martino
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pastorelli, Emanuela
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Priori, Erica Cecilia
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ratto, Daniela
Conceptualization
;
Venuti, Maria Teresa
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Roda, Elisa
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Talpo, Francesca
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Rossi, Paola
Membro del Collaboration Group
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most malignant form of primary brain tumor. It is characterized by the presence of highly invasive cancer cells infiltrating the brain by hijacking neuronal mechanisms and interacting with non-neuronal cell types, such as astrocytes and endothelial cells. To enter the interstitial space of the brain parenchyma, GBM cells significantly shrink their volume and extend the invadopodia and lamellipodia by modulating their membrane conductance repertoire. However, the changes in the compartment-specific ionic dynamics involved in this process are still not fully understood. Here, using noninvasive perforated patch-clamp and live imaging approaches on various GBM cell lines during a wound-healing assay, we demonstrate that the sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX) is highly expressed in the lamellipodia compartment, is functionally active during GBM cell migration, and correlates with the overexpression of large conductance K+ channel (BK) potassium channels. Furthermore, a NCX blockade impairs lamellipodia formation and maintenance, as well as GBM cell migration. In conclusion, the functional expression of the NCX in the lamellipodia of GBM cells at the migrating front is a conditio sine qua non for the invasion strategy of these malignant cells and thus represents a potential target for brain tumor treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1482137
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