The aim of this study was to report the characterization of the first mcr positive Enterobacterales isolated from Czech hospitals. In 2019, one Citrobacter freundi and four Enterobacter isolates were recovered from Czech hospitals. The production o carbapenemases was examined by a matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) imipenem hydrolysis assay. Additionally bacteria were screened for the presence of carbapenemase-encoding genes and plas mid-mediated colistin resistance genes by PCR. To define the genetic units carrying mcr genes, the genomic DNAs of mcr-carrying clinical isolates were sequenced on the PacBio Sequel I platform. Results showed that all isolates carried blaVIM- and mcr-like genes. Analysis of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data revealed that all isolates car ried mcr-9-like alleles. Furthermore, the three sequence type 106 (ST106) Enterobacte hormaechei isolates harbored the blaVIM-1 gene, while the ST764 E. hormaechei and ST95 C. freundii included blaVIM-4. Analysis of plasmid sequences showed that, in all iso lates, mcr-9 was carried on IncHI2 plasmids. Additionally, at least one multidrug resist ance (MDR) region was identified in each mcr-9-carrying IncHI2 plasmid. The blaVIM-gene was found in the MDR regions of p48880_MCR_VIM and p51929_MCR_VIM. In the three remaining isolates, blaVIM-1 was localized on plasmids (;55 kb) exhibiting repA-like sequences 99% identical to the respective gene of pKPC-CAV1193. In conclu sion, to the best of our knowledge, these 5 isolates were the first mcr-9-positive bacte ria of clinical origin identified in the Czech Republic. Additionally, the carriage of the blaVIM-1 on pKPC-CAV1193-like plasmids is described for the first time. Thus, our find ings underline the ongoing evolution of mobile elements implicated in the dissemina tion of clinically important resistance determinants. IMPORTANCE Infections caused by carbapenemase-producing bacteria have led to the revival of polymyxins as the “last-resort” antibiotic. Since 2016, several report describing the presence of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance genes, mcr, in differ ent host species and geographic areas were published. Here, we report the firs detection of Enterobacterales carrying mcr-9-like alleles isolated from Czech hospital in 2019. Furthermore, the three ST106 Enterobacter hormaechei isolates harbored blaVIM-1, while the ST764 E. hormaechei and ST95 Citrobacter freundii isolates included blaVIM-4. Analysis of WGS data showed that, in all isolates, mcr-9 was carried on IncHI2 plasmids. blaVIM-4 was found in the MDR regions of IncHI2 plasmids, while blaVIM-1 was localized on pKPC-CAV1193-like plasmids, described here for the firs time. These findings underline the ongoing evolution of mobile elements implicated in dissemination of clinically important resistance determinants. Thus, WGS character ization of MDR bacteria is crucial to unravel the mechanisms involved in dissemina tion of resistance mechanisms.

Detection of Five mcr-9-Carrying Enterobacterales Isolates in Four Czech Hospitals

Bitar I.
;
Mattioni Marchetti V.
Methodology
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this study was to report the characterization of the first mcr positive Enterobacterales isolated from Czech hospitals. In 2019, one Citrobacter freundi and four Enterobacter isolates were recovered from Czech hospitals. The production o carbapenemases was examined by a matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) imipenem hydrolysis assay. Additionally bacteria were screened for the presence of carbapenemase-encoding genes and plas mid-mediated colistin resistance genes by PCR. To define the genetic units carrying mcr genes, the genomic DNAs of mcr-carrying clinical isolates were sequenced on the PacBio Sequel I platform. Results showed that all isolates carried blaVIM- and mcr-like genes. Analysis of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data revealed that all isolates car ried mcr-9-like alleles. Furthermore, the three sequence type 106 (ST106) Enterobacte hormaechei isolates harbored the blaVIM-1 gene, while the ST764 E. hormaechei and ST95 C. freundii included blaVIM-4. Analysis of plasmid sequences showed that, in all iso lates, mcr-9 was carried on IncHI2 plasmids. Additionally, at least one multidrug resist ance (MDR) region was identified in each mcr-9-carrying IncHI2 plasmid. The blaVIM-gene was found in the MDR regions of p48880_MCR_VIM and p51929_MCR_VIM. In the three remaining isolates, blaVIM-1 was localized on plasmids (;55 kb) exhibiting repA-like sequences 99% identical to the respective gene of pKPC-CAV1193. In conclu sion, to the best of our knowledge, these 5 isolates were the first mcr-9-positive bacte ria of clinical origin identified in the Czech Republic. Additionally, the carriage of the blaVIM-1 on pKPC-CAV1193-like plasmids is described for the first time. Thus, our find ings underline the ongoing evolution of mobile elements implicated in the dissemina tion of clinically important resistance determinants. IMPORTANCE Infections caused by carbapenemase-producing bacteria have led to the revival of polymyxins as the “last-resort” antibiotic. Since 2016, several report describing the presence of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance genes, mcr, in differ ent host species and geographic areas were published. Here, we report the firs detection of Enterobacterales carrying mcr-9-like alleles isolated from Czech hospital in 2019. Furthermore, the three ST106 Enterobacter hormaechei isolates harbored blaVIM-1, while the ST764 E. hormaechei and ST95 Citrobacter freundii isolates included blaVIM-4. Analysis of WGS data showed that, in all isolates, mcr-9 was carried on IncHI2 plasmids. blaVIM-4 was found in the MDR regions of IncHI2 plasmids, while blaVIM-1 was localized on pKPC-CAV1193-like plasmids, described here for the firs time. These findings underline the ongoing evolution of mobile elements implicated in dissemination of clinically important resistance determinants. Thus, WGS character ization of MDR bacteria is crucial to unravel the mechanisms involved in dissemina tion of resistance mechanisms.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1482320
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