This paper proposes a methodology to increase the level of water distribution equity in intermittent water distribution networks (WDNs) with users equipped with private tanks. The methodology makes it possible to identify optimal valve locations and settings to improve the distribution of water among users by rearranging the flow circulation in the network. Two optimization schemes based on the use of NSGA II were developed. The first scheme aims at maximizing the global distribution equity of a WDN through installation of valves fully closed. The second scheme looks also at the levels of supply of the individual nodes of a WDN and includes optimization of both locations and settings of control valves. The two optimization schemes are applied to the case study of a WDN in northern Italy considering a scenario of water shortage. The EPA's Storm Water Management Model software was used for the pressure-driven simulation of an intermittent WDN. Results of the application of the two optimization schemes highlight the potential for an increase in the global equity of the WDN by installation of a few valves. However, some nodes of the WDN were penalized by the new flow circulation as obtained by solutions provided by the first scheme. In fact, these nodes unacceptably worsen their condition compared to the no-valve scenario. Conversely, solutions obtained with the second scheme allowed demand satisfaction levels to not worsen compared to the no-valve scenario for all nodes.

Optimal Location of Valves to Improve Equity in Intermittent Water Distribution Systems

Creaco E.;Modica C.
2021-01-01

Abstract

This paper proposes a methodology to increase the level of water distribution equity in intermittent water distribution networks (WDNs) with users equipped with private tanks. The methodology makes it possible to identify optimal valve locations and settings to improve the distribution of water among users by rearranging the flow circulation in the network. Two optimization schemes based on the use of NSGA II were developed. The first scheme aims at maximizing the global distribution equity of a WDN through installation of valves fully closed. The second scheme looks also at the levels of supply of the individual nodes of a WDN and includes optimization of both locations and settings of control valves. The two optimization schemes are applied to the case study of a WDN in northern Italy considering a scenario of water shortage. The EPA's Storm Water Management Model software was used for the pressure-driven simulation of an intermittent WDN. Results of the application of the two optimization schemes highlight the potential for an increase in the global equity of the WDN by installation of a few valves. However, some nodes of the WDN were penalized by the new flow circulation as obtained by solutions provided by the first scheme. In fact, these nodes unacceptably worsen their condition compared to the no-valve scenario. Conversely, solutions obtained with the second scheme allowed demand satisfaction levels to not worsen compared to the no-valve scenario for all nodes.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1482805
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 17
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact