This paper is concerned with the well-posedness and optimal control problem of a reaction-diffusion system for an epidemic Susceptible-Infected-Recovered-Susceptible (SIRS) mathematical model in which the dynamics develops in a spatially heterogeneous environment. Using as control variables the transmission rates ui and ue of contagion resulting from the contact with both asymptomatic and symptomatic persons, respectively, we optimize the number of exposed and infected individuals at a final time T of the controlled evolution of the system. More precisely, we search for the optimal ui and ue such that the number of infected plus exposed does not exceed at the final time a threshold value Λ, fixed a priori. We prove here the existence of optimal controls in a proper functional framework and we derive the first-order necessary optimality conditions in terms of the adjoint variables.

Optimal control of a reaction–diffusion model related to the spread of COVID-19

Colli, Pierluigi
;
Gilardi, Gianni;Marinoschi, Gabriela;Rocca, Elisabetta
2023-01-01

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the well-posedness and optimal control problem of a reaction-diffusion system for an epidemic Susceptible-Infected-Recovered-Susceptible (SIRS) mathematical model in which the dynamics develops in a spatially heterogeneous environment. Using as control variables the transmission rates ui and ue of contagion resulting from the contact with both asymptomatic and symptomatic persons, respectively, we optimize the number of exposed and infected individuals at a final time T of the controlled evolution of the system. More precisely, we search for the optimal ui and ue such that the number of infected plus exposed does not exceed at the final time a threshold value Λ, fixed a priori. We prove here the existence of optimal controls in a proper functional framework and we derive the first-order necessary optimality conditions in terms of the adjoint variables.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1487461
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