Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) including Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and inflammatory bowel disease unclassified (IBD-U) are chronic inflammatory disorders which can affect the gastrointestinal tract. Anti-tumor necrosis factors antibodies (anti-TNF alpha) such as infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA) are the first line biological therapy for severe or complicated IBDs in pediatric age. Second line therapeutic options as vedolizumab (VDZ) and ustekinumab (UST) are currently used off-label in pediatric age. Furthermore, despite optimization of biologics, a great proportion of patients may fail to respond to biologic agents (up to 30%) or lose response over the time (around 50%) hence these patients may be left without another valid therapeutic option. Consequently, several efforts have been made in the last years in order to develop new drugs and to contrive new therapeutic strategies. Small molecule drugs (SMDs) and combination therapy with either two biologic agents or with a SMD and a biological agent have recently been proposed. Data on safety and efficacy of these new therapeutic options are limited. The objective of the present review is to summarize the most up-to-date available literature in pediatric IBD.

Dual biological therapy and small molecules in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease

Calcaterra, Valeria;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) including Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and inflammatory bowel disease unclassified (IBD-U) are chronic inflammatory disorders which can affect the gastrointestinal tract. Anti-tumor necrosis factors antibodies (anti-TNF alpha) such as infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA) are the first line biological therapy for severe or complicated IBDs in pediatric age. Second line therapeutic options as vedolizumab (VDZ) and ustekinumab (UST) are currently used off-label in pediatric age. Furthermore, despite optimization of biologics, a great proportion of patients may fail to respond to biologic agents (up to 30%) or lose response over the time (around 50%) hence these patients may be left without another valid therapeutic option. Consequently, several efforts have been made in the last years in order to develop new drugs and to contrive new therapeutic strategies. Small molecule drugs (SMDs) and combination therapy with either two biologic agents or with a SMD and a biological agent have recently been proposed. Data on safety and efficacy of these new therapeutic options are limited. The objective of the present review is to summarize the most up-to-date available literature in pediatric IBD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1487953
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