Targeted gene editing in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) is a promising treatment for several diseases. However, the limited efficiency of homology-directed repair (HDR) in HSCs and the unknown impact of the procedure on clonal composition and dynamics of transplantation have hampered clinical translation. Here, we apply a barcoding strategy to clonal tracking of edited cells (BAR-Seq) and show that editing activates p53, which substantially shrinks the HSC clonal repertoire in hematochimeric mice, although engrafted edited clones preserve multilineage and self-renewing capacity. Transient p53 inhibition restored polyclonal graft composition. We increased HDR efficiency by forcing cell-cycle progression and upregulating components of the HDR machinery through transient expression of the adenovirus 5 E4orf6/7 protein, which recruits the cell-cycle controller E2F on its target genes. Combined E4orf6/7 expression and p53 inhibition resulted in HDR editing efficiencies of up to 50% in the long-term human graft, without perturbing repopulation and self-renewal of edited HSCs. This enhanced protocol should broaden applicability of HSC gene editing and pave its way to clinical translation.

Efficient gene editing of human long-term hematopoietic stem cells validated by clonal tracking

Jacob A.;Kajaste-Rudnitski A.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Targeted gene editing in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) is a promising treatment for several diseases. However, the limited efficiency of homology-directed repair (HDR) in HSCs and the unknown impact of the procedure on clonal composition and dynamics of transplantation have hampered clinical translation. Here, we apply a barcoding strategy to clonal tracking of edited cells (BAR-Seq) and show that editing activates p53, which substantially shrinks the HSC clonal repertoire in hematochimeric mice, although engrafted edited clones preserve multilineage and self-renewing capacity. Transient p53 inhibition restored polyclonal graft composition. We increased HDR efficiency by forcing cell-cycle progression and upregulating components of the HDR machinery through transient expression of the adenovirus 5 E4orf6/7 protein, which recruits the cell-cycle controller E2F on its target genes. Combined E4orf6/7 expression and p53 inhibition resulted in HDR editing efficiencies of up to 50% in the long-term human graft, without perturbing repopulation and self-renewal of edited HSCs. This enhanced protocol should broaden applicability of HSC gene editing and pave its way to clinical translation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1488899
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