Objectives: Plasma Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)-DNA is a well-established prognostic biomarker in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Different methods for assessment include single-copy gene targeted, European Conformity (CE)-marked assays, which are mostly employed in non-endemic settings, vs multiple-copy gene targeted, in-house BamHI-W based assays, which currently represent the most widely used method for EBV-DNA quantifi-cation. To date, evidence concerning the commutability of these different assays is still limited.Materials and methods: From August 2016 to March 2018, 124 plasma and 124 whole blood (WB) samples from 93 NPC patients were collected at different time-points for each patient. EBV-DNA viral load was quantified in pre-(n = 12) and post-treatment (n = 9), follow-up (n = 53), and recurrent/metastatic (R/M) (n = 50) phase. For each sample, one in-house BamHI-W vs three different CE-marked plasma assays were compared; the perfor-mance of plasma vs WB matrix was also assessed. Quantitative agreement of EBV-DNA values was evaluated by linear correlation and Bland-Altman analysis.Results: A statistically significant (p = 0.0001) agreement between all CE-marked and the BamHI-W assays was found using plasma matrix, regardless of clinical phase. The results obtained in copies/ml were comparable to those expressed in IU/ml. When using WB matrix, the number of positive detections increased in the post-treatment phase.Conclusions: Our retrospective comparison supported an agreement between Plasma BamHI-W and CE-marked assays in measuring EBV-DNA for non-endemic NPC patients. There were no significant interferences from different measurement units (IU/ml vs copies/ml). Further evaluations are needed to better clarify the role of WB.

Comparing BamHI-W and CE-marked assays to detect circulating Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) DNA of nasopharyngeal cancer patients in a non-endemic area

Taverna, Francesca;Giardina, Federica;Orlandi, Ester;Locati, Laura Deborah;Baldanti, Fausto;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: Plasma Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)-DNA is a well-established prognostic biomarker in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Different methods for assessment include single-copy gene targeted, European Conformity (CE)-marked assays, which are mostly employed in non-endemic settings, vs multiple-copy gene targeted, in-house BamHI-W based assays, which currently represent the most widely used method for EBV-DNA quantifi-cation. To date, evidence concerning the commutability of these different assays is still limited.Materials and methods: From August 2016 to March 2018, 124 plasma and 124 whole blood (WB) samples from 93 NPC patients were collected at different time-points for each patient. EBV-DNA viral load was quantified in pre-(n = 12) and post-treatment (n = 9), follow-up (n = 53), and recurrent/metastatic (R/M) (n = 50) phase. For each sample, one in-house BamHI-W vs three different CE-marked plasma assays were compared; the perfor-mance of plasma vs WB matrix was also assessed. Quantitative agreement of EBV-DNA values was evaluated by linear correlation and Bland-Altman analysis.Results: A statistically significant (p = 0.0001) agreement between all CE-marked and the BamHI-W assays was found using plasma matrix, regardless of clinical phase. The results obtained in copies/ml were comparable to those expressed in IU/ml. When using WB matrix, the number of positive detections increased in the post-treatment phase.Conclusions: Our retrospective comparison supported an agreement between Plasma BamHI-W and CE-marked assays in measuring EBV-DNA for non-endemic NPC patients. There were no significant interferences from different measurement units (IU/ml vs copies/ml). Further evaluations are needed to better clarify the role of WB.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1489119
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