Dopamine (DA) is a critical regulator of striatal network activity and is essential for motor activation and reward-associated behaviors. Previous work has shown that DA is influenced by the reward value of food, as well as by hormonal factors that reguate food intake and energy expenditure. Changes in striatal DA signaling also have been linked to aberrant eating patterns. Here we test the effect of leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone involved in feeding and energy homeostasis regulation, on striatal DA release and uptake. Immunohistochemical evaluation identified leptin receptor (LepR) expression throughout mouse striatum, including on striatal cholinergic interneurons (ChIs) and their extensive processes. Using fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV), we found that leptin causes a concentration-dependent increase in evoked extra-cellular DA concentration ([DA]o) in dorsal striatum (dStr) and nucleus accumbens (NAc) core and shell in male mouse striatal slices, and also an increase in the rate of DA uptake. Further, we found that leptin increases ChI excitability, and that the enhancing effect of leptin on evoked [DA]o is lost when nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors are antagonized or when examined in striatal slices from mice lacking ACh synthesis. Evaluation of signaling pathways underlying leptin's action revealed a requirement for intracellular Ca2+, and the involvement of different downstream pathways in dStr and NAc core versus NAc shell. These results provide the first evidence for dynamic regulation of DA release and uptake by leptin within brain motor and reward pathways, and highlight the involvement of ChIs in this process.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Given the importance of striatal dopamine (DA) in reward, motivation, motor behavior and food intake, identifying the actions of metabolic hormones on DA release in striatal subregions should provide new insight into factors that influence DA-dependent motivated behaviors. We find that one of these hormones, leptin, boosts striatal DA release through a process involving striatal cholinergic interneurons (ChIs) and nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors. Moreover, we find that the intracellular cascades downstream from leptin receptor (LepR) activation that lead to enhanced DA release differ among striatal subregions. Thus, we not only show that leptin regulates DA release, but also identify characteristics of this process that could be harnessed to alter pathologic eating behaviors.

Leptin Promotes Striatal Dopamine Release via Cholinergic Interneurons and Regionally Distinct Signaling Pathways

Mancini M.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Dopamine (DA) is a critical regulator of striatal network activity and is essential for motor activation and reward-associated behaviors. Previous work has shown that DA is influenced by the reward value of food, as well as by hormonal factors that reguate food intake and energy expenditure. Changes in striatal DA signaling also have been linked to aberrant eating patterns. Here we test the effect of leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone involved in feeding and energy homeostasis regulation, on striatal DA release and uptake. Immunohistochemical evaluation identified leptin receptor (LepR) expression throughout mouse striatum, including on striatal cholinergic interneurons (ChIs) and their extensive processes. Using fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV), we found that leptin causes a concentration-dependent increase in evoked extra-cellular DA concentration ([DA]o) in dorsal striatum (dStr) and nucleus accumbens (NAc) core and shell in male mouse striatal slices, and also an increase in the rate of DA uptake. Further, we found that leptin increases ChI excitability, and that the enhancing effect of leptin on evoked [DA]o is lost when nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors are antagonized or when examined in striatal slices from mice lacking ACh synthesis. Evaluation of signaling pathways underlying leptin's action revealed a requirement for intracellular Ca2+, and the involvement of different downstream pathways in dStr and NAc core versus NAc shell. These results provide the first evidence for dynamic regulation of DA release and uptake by leptin within brain motor and reward pathways, and highlight the involvement of ChIs in this process.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Given the importance of striatal dopamine (DA) in reward, motivation, motor behavior and food intake, identifying the actions of metabolic hormones on DA release in striatal subregions should provide new insight into factors that influence DA-dependent motivated behaviors. We find that one of these hormones, leptin, boosts striatal DA release through a process involving striatal cholinergic interneurons (ChIs) and nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors. Moreover, we find that the intracellular cascades downstream from leptin receptor (LepR) activation that lead to enhanced DA release differ among striatal subregions. Thus, we not only show that leptin regulates DA release, but also identify characteristics of this process that could be harnessed to alter pathologic eating behaviors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1496435
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