Lithospheric slices preserving pre-Alpine metamorphic imprints are widely described in the Alps. The Variscan parageneses recorded in continental, oceanic, and mantle rocks suggest a heterogeneous metamorphic evolution across the Alpine domains. In this contribution, we collect quantitative metamorphic imprints and ages of samples that document Variscan tectonometamorphic evolution from 420 to 290 Ma. Based on age distribution and metamorphic imprint, three main stages can be identified for the Variscan evolution of the Alpine region: Devonian (early Variscan), late Devonian–late Carboniferous (middle Variscan), and late Carboniferous–early Permian (late Variscan). The dominant metamorphic imprint during Devonian times was recorded under eclogite and HP granulite facies conditions in the Helvetic–Dauphinois–Provençal, Penninic, and eastern Austroalpine domains and under Ep-amphibolite facies conditions in the Southalpine domain. These metamorphic conditions correspond to a mean Franciscan-type metamorphic field gradient. During the late Devonian–late Carboniferous period, in the Helvetic–Dauphinois–Provençal and central Austroalpine domains, the dominant metamorphic imprint developed under eclogite and HP granulite facies conditions with a Franciscan field gradient. Amphibolite facies conditions dominated in the Penninic and Southalpine domains and corresponded to a Barrovian-type metamorphic field gradient. At the Carboniferous–Permian transition, the metamorphic imprints mainly developed under amphibolite-LP granulite facies conditions in all domains of the Alps, corresponding to a mean metamorphic field gradient at the transition between Barrovian and Abukuma (Buchan) types. This distribution of the metamorphic imprints suggests a pre-Alpine burial of oceanic and continental crust underneath a continental upper plate, in a scenario of single or multiple oceanic subductions preceding the continental collision. Both scenarios are discussed and revised considering the consistency of collected data and a comparison with numerical models. Finally, the distribution of Devonian to Triassic geothermal gradients agrees with a sequence of events that starts with subduction, continues with continental collision, and ends with the continental thinning announcing the Jurassic oceanization.

Metamorphic Remnants of the Variscan Orogeny across the Alps and Their Tectonic Significance

Rebay G.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Lithospheric slices preserving pre-Alpine metamorphic imprints are widely described in the Alps. The Variscan parageneses recorded in continental, oceanic, and mantle rocks suggest a heterogeneous metamorphic evolution across the Alpine domains. In this contribution, we collect quantitative metamorphic imprints and ages of samples that document Variscan tectonometamorphic evolution from 420 to 290 Ma. Based on age distribution and metamorphic imprint, three main stages can be identified for the Variscan evolution of the Alpine region: Devonian (early Variscan), late Devonian–late Carboniferous (middle Variscan), and late Carboniferous–early Permian (late Variscan). The dominant metamorphic imprint during Devonian times was recorded under eclogite and HP granulite facies conditions in the Helvetic–Dauphinois–Provençal, Penninic, and eastern Austroalpine domains and under Ep-amphibolite facies conditions in the Southalpine domain. These metamorphic conditions correspond to a mean Franciscan-type metamorphic field gradient. During the late Devonian–late Carboniferous period, in the Helvetic–Dauphinois–Provençal and central Austroalpine domains, the dominant metamorphic imprint developed under eclogite and HP granulite facies conditions with a Franciscan field gradient. Amphibolite facies conditions dominated in the Penninic and Southalpine domains and corresponded to a Barrovian-type metamorphic field gradient. At the Carboniferous–Permian transition, the metamorphic imprints mainly developed under amphibolite-LP granulite facies conditions in all domains of the Alps, corresponding to a mean metamorphic field gradient at the transition between Barrovian and Abukuma (Buchan) types. This distribution of the metamorphic imprints suggests a pre-Alpine burial of oceanic and continental crust underneath a continental upper plate, in a scenario of single or multiple oceanic subductions preceding the continental collision. Both scenarios are discussed and revised considering the consistency of collected data and a comparison with numerical models. Finally, the distribution of Devonian to Triassic geothermal gradients agrees with a sequence of events that starts with subduction, continues with continental collision, and ends with the continental thinning announcing the Jurassic oceanization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1496918
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