Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the association between macular optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) metrics, characteristics of ultrawide field (UWF) imaging, and cerebrovascular disease in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) with different stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: 516 eyes of 258 DM patients were enrolled in two centers (Milan and Belfast). UWF color fundus photos (CFPs) were obtained with Optos California (Optos, PLC) and graded for both DR severity and predominantly peripheral lesions presence (>50% of CFP lesions) by two independent graders. OCT-A (3 × 3 mm), available in 252 eyes of 136 patients, was used to determine perimeter, area, and circularity index of the foveal avascular zone and vessel density (VD); perfusion density (PD); fractal dimension on superficial, intermediate (ICP), and deep capillary plexuses; flow voids (FVs) in the choriocapillaris. Results: Out of 516 eyes, 108 eyes (20.9%) had no DR, and 6 eyes were not gradable. The remaining 402 eyes were as follows: 10.3% (53) had mild nonproliferative DR (NPDR), 38.2% (197) had moderate NPDR, 11.8% (61) had severe NPDR, and 17.6% (91) had proliferative DR. A worse DR stage was associated with a history of stroke (p = 0.044). Logistic regression analysis after taking into account sex, type of DM, age, DM duration, and OCT-A variables found that PD and VD on ICP were significantly associated with presence of stroke and DR severity. Conclusion: OCT-A metrics show an association with the presence of cerebrovascular complications, providing potentially useful parameters to estimate vascular risk in patients with DM.

Multimodal Retinal Imaging in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Association with Cerebrovascular Disease

Torti, Emanuele;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the association between macular optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) metrics, characteristics of ultrawide field (UWF) imaging, and cerebrovascular disease in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) with different stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: 516 eyes of 258 DM patients were enrolled in two centers (Milan and Belfast). UWF color fundus photos (CFPs) were obtained with Optos California (Optos, PLC) and graded for both DR severity and predominantly peripheral lesions presence (>50% of CFP lesions) by two independent graders. OCT-A (3 × 3 mm), available in 252 eyes of 136 patients, was used to determine perimeter, area, and circularity index of the foveal avascular zone and vessel density (VD); perfusion density (PD); fractal dimension on superficial, intermediate (ICP), and deep capillary plexuses; flow voids (FVs) in the choriocapillaris. Results: Out of 516 eyes, 108 eyes (20.9%) had no DR, and 6 eyes were not gradable. The remaining 402 eyes were as follows: 10.3% (53) had mild nonproliferative DR (NPDR), 38.2% (197) had moderate NPDR, 11.8% (61) had severe NPDR, and 17.6% (91) had proliferative DR. A worse DR stage was associated with a history of stroke (p = 0.044). Logistic regression analysis after taking into account sex, type of DM, age, DM duration, and OCT-A variables found that PD and VD on ICP were significantly associated with presence of stroke and DR severity. Conclusion: OCT-A metrics show an association with the presence of cerebrovascular complications, providing potentially useful parameters to estimate vascular risk in patients with DM.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1497009
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