: Mutations in UBA1, which are disease-defining for VEXAS syndrome, have been reported in patients diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Here, we define the prevalence and clinical associations of UBA1 mutations in a representative cohort of patients with MDS. Digital droplet PCR profiling of a selected cohort of 375 male patients lacking MDS disease-defining mutations or established WHO disease classification identified 28 patients (7%) with UBA1 p.M41T/V/L mutations. Using targeted sequencing of UBA1 in a representative MDS cohort (n=2,027), we identified an additional 27 variants in 26 patients (1%), which we classified as likely/pathogenic (n=12) and unknown significance (n=15). Among the total 40 patients with likely/pathogenic variants (2%), all were male and 63% were classified by WHO2016 as MDS-MLD/SLD. Patients had a median of one additional myeloid gene mutation, often in TET2 (n=12), DNMT3A (n=10), ASXL1 (n=3), or SF3B1 (n=3). Retrospective clinical review where possible showed that 83% (28/34) UBA1-mutant cases had VEXAS-associated diagnoses or inflammatory clinical presentation. The prevalence of UBA1-mutations in MDS patients argues for systematic screening for UBA1 in the management of MDS.

Molecular and clinical presentation of UBA1-mutated myelodysplastic syndromes

Malcovati, Luca;Cazzola, Mario;
2024-01-01

Abstract

: Mutations in UBA1, which are disease-defining for VEXAS syndrome, have been reported in patients diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Here, we define the prevalence and clinical associations of UBA1 mutations in a representative cohort of patients with MDS. Digital droplet PCR profiling of a selected cohort of 375 male patients lacking MDS disease-defining mutations or established WHO disease classification identified 28 patients (7%) with UBA1 p.M41T/V/L mutations. Using targeted sequencing of UBA1 in a representative MDS cohort (n=2,027), we identified an additional 27 variants in 26 patients (1%), which we classified as likely/pathogenic (n=12) and unknown significance (n=15). Among the total 40 patients with likely/pathogenic variants (2%), all were male and 63% were classified by WHO2016 as MDS-MLD/SLD. Patients had a median of one additional myeloid gene mutation, often in TET2 (n=12), DNMT3A (n=10), ASXL1 (n=3), or SF3B1 (n=3). Retrospective clinical review where possible showed that 83% (28/34) UBA1-mutant cases had VEXAS-associated diagnoses or inflammatory clinical presentation. The prevalence of UBA1-mutations in MDS patients argues for systematic screening for UBA1 in the management of MDS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1497606
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