: Migraine is a complex neurovascular disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of pain and other associated symptoms. Emotional-affective aspects are important components of pain, but so far they have been little explored in animal models of migraine. In this study, we aimed to explore the correlation between trigeminal hyperalgesia and affective status or behavioral components in a migraine-specific animal model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with nitroglycerin (10 mg/kg, i.p.) or its vehicle. Four hours later, anxiety, motor/exploratory behavior and grooming (a nociception index) were evaluated with the open field test. Rats were then exposed to formalin in the orofacial region to evaluate trigeminal hyperalgesia. The data analysis shows an inverse correlation between trigeminal hyperalgesia and motor or exploratory behavior, and a positive association with anxiety-like behavior or self-grooming. These findings further expand on the translational value of the migraine-specific model based on nitroglycerin administration and prompt additional parameters that can be investigated to explore migraine disease in its complexity.

Modelling migraine-related features in the nitroglycerin animal model: Trigeminal hyperalgesia is associated with affective status and motor behavior

Francavilla, Miriam;Zanaboni, Anna Maria;Tassorelli, Cristina
2022-01-01

Abstract

: Migraine is a complex neurovascular disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of pain and other associated symptoms. Emotional-affective aspects are important components of pain, but so far they have been little explored in animal models of migraine. In this study, we aimed to explore the correlation between trigeminal hyperalgesia and affective status or behavioral components in a migraine-specific animal model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with nitroglycerin (10 mg/kg, i.p.) or its vehicle. Four hours later, anxiety, motor/exploratory behavior and grooming (a nociception index) were evaluated with the open field test. Rats were then exposed to formalin in the orofacial region to evaluate trigeminal hyperalgesia. The data analysis shows an inverse correlation between trigeminal hyperalgesia and motor or exploratory behavior, and a positive association with anxiety-like behavior or self-grooming. These findings further expand on the translational value of the migraine-specific model based on nitroglycerin administration and prompt additional parameters that can be investigated to explore migraine disease in its complexity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1497876
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