In light-chain (AL) amyloidosis, prognosis is dictated by cardiac dysfunction. N-terminal natriuretic peptide type B (NT-proBNP) and cardiac troponins (cTn) are used to assess the severity of cardiac damage. We evaluated the prognostic relevance of a high-sensitivity (hs) cTnT assay, NT-proBNP, and cardiac troponin I in 171 consecutive patients with AL amyloidosis at presentation and 6 months after treatment. Response and progression of NT-proBNP were defined as more than 30% and more than 300 ng/L changes. All 3 markers predicted survival, but the best multivariable model included hs-cTnT. The hs-cTnT prognostic cutoff was 77 ng/L (median survival 10.6 months for patients with hs-cTnT above the cutoff). After treatment, response and progression of NT-proBNP and a more than 75% increase of hs-cTnT were independent prognostic determinant. In AL amyloidosis, hs-cTnT is the best baseline prognostic marker. Therapy should be aimed at preventing progression of cardiac biomarkers, whereas NT-proBNP response confers an additional survival benefit.

The combination of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) at presentation and changes in N-terminal natriuretic peptide type B (NT-proBNP) after chemotherapy best predicts survival in AL amyloidosis

PALLADINI, GIOVANNI;Milani Paolo;PERLINI, STEFANO;ALBERTINI, RICCARDO;MORATTI, REMIGIO;MERLINI, GIAMPAOLO
2010-01-01

Abstract

In light-chain (AL) amyloidosis, prognosis is dictated by cardiac dysfunction. N-terminal natriuretic peptide type B (NT-proBNP) and cardiac troponins (cTn) are used to assess the severity of cardiac damage. We evaluated the prognostic relevance of a high-sensitivity (hs) cTnT assay, NT-proBNP, and cardiac troponin I in 171 consecutive patients with AL amyloidosis at presentation and 6 months after treatment. Response and progression of NT-proBNP were defined as more than 30% and more than 300 ng/L changes. All 3 markers predicted survival, but the best multivariable model included hs-cTnT. The hs-cTnT prognostic cutoff was 77 ng/L (median survival 10.6 months for patients with hs-cTnT above the cutoff). After treatment, response and progression of NT-proBNP and a more than 75% increase of hs-cTnT were independent prognostic determinant. In AL amyloidosis, hs-cTnT is the best baseline prognostic marker. Therapy should be aimed at preventing progression of cardiac biomarkers, whereas NT-proBNP response confers an additional survival benefit.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/220684
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