The ICARUS time projection chamber can yield sound information on B-8 solar neutrinos. Owing to the high-energy resolution and the good capability of event reconstruction it can make a contribution to our understanding of neutrino intensities and their energy spectrum. Moreover. the MSW oscillation probability for sterile and active neutrinos can be well studied because both elastic scattering by electrons and absorption reaction on argon nuclei can be measured independently. Tho main problem in detecting the low-energy neutrino interactions arises from the environmental radioactivity. In the present work we study by Monte Carlo simulation the topology and the rates of the events, induced by neutrinos and background neutrons, in a 470 t (fiducial mass) liquid-argon TPC detector. For neutrino interactions we use the Standard solar model BP98 and the recent experimental confirmation of the shell model computation of absorption cross section. The noise is estimated from new data on natural neutron background, collected in the hall C of the Gran Sasso laboratory, It is confirmed that, with a relatively modest neutron shielding and particular off-line event triggers, the weight of spurious events can be made to have little influence on the ICARUS solar neutrino measurement. Indeed, we expect 6 (26) background events per year in the 212 (759) elastic scattering (absorption reaction) sample.

Study of solar neutrinos with the 600 ton liquid argon ICARUS detector

BORIO DI TIGLIOLE, ANDREA;
2000

Abstract

The ICARUS time projection chamber can yield sound information on B-8 solar neutrinos. Owing to the high-energy resolution and the good capability of event reconstruction it can make a contribution to our understanding of neutrino intensities and their energy spectrum. Moreover. the MSW oscillation probability for sterile and active neutrinos can be well studied because both elastic scattering by electrons and absorption reaction on argon nuclei can be measured independently. Tho main problem in detecting the low-energy neutrino interactions arises from the environmental radioactivity. In the present work we study by Monte Carlo simulation the topology and the rates of the events, induced by neutrinos and background neutrons, in a 470 t (fiducial mass) liquid-argon TPC detector. For neutrino interactions we use the Standard solar model BP98 and the recent experimental confirmation of the shell model computation of absorption cross section. The noise is estimated from new data on natural neutron background, collected in the hall C of the Gran Sasso laboratory, It is confirmed that, with a relatively modest neutron shielding and particular off-line event triggers, the weight of spurious events can be made to have little influence on the ICARUS solar neutrino measurement. Indeed, we expect 6 (26) background events per year in the 212 (759) elastic scattering (absorption reaction) sample.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/223595
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