Abstract: To assess the prognostic role of proviral DNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with undetectable viremia over long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Eighty-two human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected patients, free of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), received zidovudine plus lamivudine plus indinavir. Levels of plasma HIV-RNA, and PBMC proviral DNA and RNA unspliced (US) transcripts were evaluated by using competitive polymerase chain reaction (cPCR) assays, every 3 months over 1 year. Among patients with undetectable viremia at baseline, 13 of 18 with CD4 cell count 350/mm3 or less and 12 of 16 with CD4 between 351 and 700/mm3, constantly maintained undetectable RNA levels; in these patients, a mean proviral DNA decrease of 0.67 6 0.7 and 1.03 6 0.53 log (P < 0.001), respectively, a significant decrease of RNA-US transcripts (P < 0.001), and significant correlations between decreases of proviral DNA and RNA-US transcripts (P = 0.008 and P < 0.001, respectively) were observed. Proviral DNA quantitation permits the continued monitoring of HAART in patients with undetectable viremia.

Quantification of HIV-1 proviral DNA in patients with undetectable plasma viremia over long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy

DEBIAGGI, MAURIZIA;ZARA, FRANCESCA;BRUNO, RAFFAELE;ROMERO, EGIDIO;FILICE, GAETANO
2000

Abstract

Abstract: To assess the prognostic role of proviral DNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with undetectable viremia over long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Eighty-two human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected patients, free of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), received zidovudine plus lamivudine plus indinavir. Levels of plasma HIV-RNA, and PBMC proviral DNA and RNA unspliced (US) transcripts were evaluated by using competitive polymerase chain reaction (cPCR) assays, every 3 months over 1 year. Among patients with undetectable viremia at baseline, 13 of 18 with CD4 cell count 350/mm3 or less and 12 of 16 with CD4 between 351 and 700/mm3, constantly maintained undetectable RNA levels; in these patients, a mean proviral DNA decrease of 0.67 6 0.7 and 1.03 6 0.53 log (P < 0.001), respectively, a significant decrease of RNA-US transcripts (P < 0.001), and significant correlations between decreases of proviral DNA and RNA-US transcripts (P = 0.008 and P < 0.001, respectively) were observed. Proviral DNA quantitation permits the continued monitoring of HAART in patients with undetectable viremia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/225528
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