Two infants who presented with wide-amplitude and high-frequency nystagmus and lack of visual awareness in the first 3 months of life were studied. No ocular abnormalities were found. Neurodevelopmental examination, visual evoked potentials and electroretinograms were normal. One infant underwent MRI which resulted in normal findings. Two months later both patients showed increased visual responsiveness and a gradual reduction of the nystagmus amplitude. By 5 months of age nystagmus was no longer detectable and both infants appeared to be visually, developmentally, and neurologically normal. Follow-up at 3 years of age for subject 1 and at 11 months for subject 2 showed that both the infants maintained the normal ophthalmological and neurological assessments. We diagnosed delayed visual maturation with oculomotor involvement.
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