This paper estimates and compares New-Keynesian DSGE monetary models of the business cycle derived under two different pricing schemes - Calvo (1983) and Rotemberg (1982) - under a positive trend inflation rate. Our empirical findings (i) support trend inflation as an empirically relevant feature of the U.S. great moderation; (ii) provide evidence in favor of the statistical superiority of the Calvo setting; (iii) point to a substantially lower degree of price indexation under Calvo. We show that the superiority of the Calvo model is due to the restrictions imposed by such a pricing scheme on the aggregate demand equation.
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