In this paper, we propose the embedding of a prediction mechanism into a part of the coding structure of JPEG2000 image compression standard, in order to reduce the amount of bits sent to the arithmetic coder, without any significant changes into the standard architecture and without loosing performance. The prediction is based upon an innovative processing of the data structures used by the standard JPEG2000 in progressive coding and the addition of a Prediction Matrix, whose computation does not add any overhead at the decoder side. Experiments are performed to test the efficacy of the prediction mechanism, and results are compared to the standard JPEG2000 and other similar approaches. Tests are documented over a set of well-known images from literature, also against different kinds of added noise. Performance, in terms of saved bits are reported, and a new figure of merit is defined to test the efficiency of Prediction. The results prove that the new proposal overcomes the standard and other related approaches for the entire set of referenced images, with significant gain in synthetic images, also in presence of noise.
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