BACKGROUND: The decongestion test involves spraying an intranasal vasoconstrictor drug to evaluate the recovery of nasal airflow. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between pulmonary function (assessed by spirometry and methacholine challenge) and nasal airflow recovery after a topical vasoconstrictor had been administered in patients with allergic rhinitis (perennial, seasonal, or mixed allergic rhinitis). METHODS: A total of 150 subjects were studied. The total symptom score, sensitization, and pulmonary function were all assessed. All subjects underwent rhinomanometry and the decongestion test. RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed that nasal symptoms and spirometric parameters (except FEF(25-75) in subjects with seasonal allergic rhinitis) were not. Only bronchial hyperreactivity, assessed by methacholine challenge, proved to be significantly (and independently) associated with outcome (OR 1.45, P = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the first evidence of an association between a positive response to the decongestion test and bronchial hyperreactivity, assessed by methacholine challenge, in patients with allergic rhinitis.

Nasal airflow recovery after decongestion test is associated with bronchial hyperactivity in patients with allergic rhinitis

MARSEGLIA, GIAN LUIGI
2006

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The decongestion test involves spraying an intranasal vasoconstrictor drug to evaluate the recovery of nasal airflow. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between pulmonary function (assessed by spirometry and methacholine challenge) and nasal airflow recovery after a topical vasoconstrictor had been administered in patients with allergic rhinitis (perennial, seasonal, or mixed allergic rhinitis). METHODS: A total of 150 subjects were studied. The total symptom score, sensitization, and pulmonary function were all assessed. All subjects underwent rhinomanometry and the decongestion test. RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed that nasal symptoms and spirometric parameters (except FEF(25-75) in subjects with seasonal allergic rhinitis) were not. Only bronchial hyperreactivity, assessed by methacholine challenge, proved to be significantly (and independently) associated with outcome (OR 1.45, P = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the first evidence of an association between a positive response to the decongestion test and bronchial hyperreactivity, assessed by methacholine challenge, in patients with allergic rhinitis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/29500
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