Organ transplantation is the most effective treatment for several degenerative end-stage diseases. While the mainstream immunosuppression can achieve satisfactory results, the therapy has either side effects and flaws. The golden target to reach should be a stable tolerance with the transplanted organ accepted without a long term drug administration. Recent studies demonstrated a tolerogenic effect of spleen cells. Aim of this study is to evaluate a model of combined spleen and whole organ transplantation in a significant preclinical setting in swine.METHODS: Twenty-five outbred Landrace/Large-White swine underwent combined spleen/kidney transplantation (SKTx). The experiments were stratified into 3 groups per randomization. Group 1 (N=7) received kidney transplantation (KTx) alone with no immunosuppressive treatment. Group 2 (N=9) had a combined KTx and whole graft spleen Tx. Group 3 (N=9) had KTx and spleen cells (DST), injected through the portal vein. Renal lab tests were collected to evaluate the onset of rejection. Survivals were evaluated as well. The end-point of the study was at onset of kidney failure or at the limit of 60 postoperative day (POD) in non-rejecting animals. Tissue samples were collected to evaluate grade and severity of rejection.RESULTS: Controls died from kidney failure within 10(th) POD. Group 2 and 3, had a delayed renal graft rejection and an overall prolonged graft survival. Whole graft and spleen cells injection share this effect, while spleen administration through the portal route proved a superior effect, which is significant compared to controls (Kaplan Meier survival analysis P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: These results, from a non immunosuppressed setting, suggest that spleen plays a key role as an immunomodulatory organ

Immunomodulation after combined spleen and kidney transplantation in swine.

RADEMACHER, JOHANNES;CANSOLINO, LAURA;CRESPI, STEFANIA;LENTI, LUCA MATTEO;LILLO, ETTORE;PASSALIA, LUIGI;GASPARI, ANNALISA;DIONIGI, PAOLO;
2006

Abstract

Organ transplantation is the most effective treatment for several degenerative end-stage diseases. While the mainstream immunosuppression can achieve satisfactory results, the therapy has either side effects and flaws. The golden target to reach should be a stable tolerance with the transplanted organ accepted without a long term drug administration. Recent studies demonstrated a tolerogenic effect of spleen cells. Aim of this study is to evaluate a model of combined spleen and whole organ transplantation in a significant preclinical setting in swine.METHODS: Twenty-five outbred Landrace/Large-White swine underwent combined spleen/kidney transplantation (SKTx). The experiments were stratified into 3 groups per randomization. Group 1 (N=7) received kidney transplantation (KTx) alone with no immunosuppressive treatment. Group 2 (N=9) had a combined KTx and whole graft spleen Tx. Group 3 (N=9) had KTx and spleen cells (DST), injected through the portal vein. Renal lab tests were collected to evaluate the onset of rejection. Survivals were evaluated as well. The end-point of the study was at onset of kidney failure or at the limit of 60 postoperative day (POD) in non-rejecting animals. Tissue samples were collected to evaluate grade and severity of rejection.RESULTS: Controls died from kidney failure within 10(th) POD. Group 2 and 3, had a delayed renal graft rejection and an overall prolonged graft survival. Whole graft and spleen cells injection share this effect, while spleen administration through the portal route proved a superior effect, which is significant compared to controls (Kaplan Meier survival analysis P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: These results, from a non immunosuppressed setting, suggest that spleen plays a key role as an immunomodulatory organ
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/30028
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