Background Adding docetaxel (Taxotere, T) to induction chemotherapy with platinum/infusional 5-FU (PF) has been shown to improve overall survival of patients with head and neck cancer. The aim of the study was to analyze the cost-utility of TPF in patients with unresectable disease. Design We developed a Markov model to represent patient's weekly transitions among different health states, related to treatment or disease status. Transition probabilities were obtained from the TAX 324 clinical trial report and from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 24971/TAX 323 raw data. Costs were estimated in Italy from a Regional Healthcare System perspective. A 5-year temporal horizon was adopted and a 3.5% yearly discount rate was applied. Results When compared with PF, TPF treatment increases life expectancy by 0.33 quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) in TAX 323 and 0.41 QALYs in TAX 324. The benefit was achieved at a cost of €11 822/QALY for TAX 323 and €6757/QALY for TAX 324. Monte Carlo sensitivity analysis showed that 69% (TAX 323) and 99% (TAX 324) of the results lie below the threshold of €50 000/QALY saved. Conclusions In our analysis, TPF induction chemotherapy proved to be cost-effective when compared with PF, having a cost-utility ratio comparable to other widely accepted healthcare interventions.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.