The energy flow, dE/d(eta), is studied at large pseudorapidities in proton-proton collisions at the LHC, for centre-of-mass energies of 0.9 and 7 TeV. The measurements are made in the pseudorapidity range 3.15 < |eta| < 4.9, for both minimum-bias events and events with at least two high-momentum jets, using the CMS detector. The data are compared to various pp Monte Carlo event generators whose theoretical models and input parameter values are sensitive to the energy-flow measurements. Inclusion of multiple-parton interactions in the Monte Carlo event generators is found to improve the description of the energy-flow measurements
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