Glyceraldehyde-phosphate dehydrogenase (D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate : NADP+ oxidoreductase (phosphorylating), EC 188.8.131.52) from spinach chloroplasts is a polymeric protein of approx. 600,000 daltons and sodium dodecyl sulphate gel electrophoresis shows that it consists of two subunits of molecular weight 43,000 and 37,000. Comparison of amino acid analyses and tryptic peptide maps indicates that the two subunits have a different primary structure. The native enzyme contains 0.5 mol of NADP+ and 0.5 mol of NAD+ per protomer of 80,000 daltons, no reduced pyridine nucleotides have been detected. Almost complete inactivation is obtained by reaction of two cysteinyl residues per 80,000 daltons with tetrathionate or iodo[14C2]acetic acid; since the same amount of radioactivity is incorporated in the two subunits it is likely that they are both essential for the catalytic activity. Charcoal stripping of native glyceraldehyde-phosphate dehydrogenase produces an apoprotein which still retains most of the enzymatic activity but, unlike the holoenzyme, is gradually inactivated by storage at 4 degrees C and does not react with iodoacetate under the same conditions in which the holoenzyme is completely inactivated.
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