The phenotype and functions of T lymphocytes and of natural killer (NK) cells have been investigated in four children and five adults from three Italian families infected with HIV (LAV/HTLV III). The results show a heterogeneous pattern of immunological derangements involving distribution of T and natural killer subsets, proliferation in response to T cell mitogens and natural killer activity. However, all infected patients tested showed a very low or absent phytohaemagglutinin induced interleukin-2 production regardless of age and clinical conditions, while concanavalin A-induced interleukin-2 production was within the normal range. The impaired interleukin-2 production in response to phytohaemagglutinin in some patients is not related to phytohaemagglutinin-induced proliferation, to clinical conditions or to a defective distribution of T cell subsets. These results suggest that, in our patients, both adults and children, HIV (LAV/HTLV III) has an "early" tropism for a subset of T cells involved in interleukin-2 production

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome in childhood: impaired production of interleukin-2 by HIV (LAV/HTLV III) infected patients.

MONTAGNA, DANIELA;MARSEGLIA, GIAN LUIGI;
1987

Abstract

The phenotype and functions of T lymphocytes and of natural killer (NK) cells have been investigated in four children and five adults from three Italian families infected with HIV (LAV/HTLV III). The results show a heterogeneous pattern of immunological derangements involving distribution of T and natural killer subsets, proliferation in response to T cell mitogens and natural killer activity. However, all infected patients tested showed a very low or absent phytohaemagglutinin induced interleukin-2 production regardless of age and clinical conditions, while concanavalin A-induced interleukin-2 production was within the normal range. The impaired interleukin-2 production in response to phytohaemagglutinin in some patients is not related to phytohaemagglutinin-induced proliferation, to clinical conditions or to a defective distribution of T cell subsets. These results suggest that, in our patients, both adults and children, HIV (LAV/HTLV III) has an "early" tropism for a subset of T cells involved in interleukin-2 production
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/573071
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact