a,b-Unsaturated aldehydes were smoothly alkylated by radicals generated through photosensitised hydrogen abstraction of benzophenone. In this way, and by using 1,3-dioxolane as radical precursor, monoprotected 1,4-dialdehydes were obtained from crotonaldehyde, 2-hexenal, 4-methyl-2-pentenal and cyclohexencarboxyaldehyde in a moderate yield, and in a low yield from b-aryl-a,bunsaturated aldehydes. With 2-alkyl-1,3-dioxolanes, monoprotected 1,4-ketoaldehydes were analogously prepared. By using methanol, ethanol and isopropanol as radical precursors g-lactols were likewise obtained from the above aliphatic aldehydes. These single-step syntheses compared favorably with multi-step approaches previously proposed for some of these compounds. The lactols were conveniently oxidized to the corresponding g-lactones. An alternative to the photosensitisation in organic medium was the use of mixed aqueous-organic solvent and a hydrosoluble photosensitiser (benzophenone disodium disulfonate was prepared for this purpose and successfully used), which allowed a more convenient work up.

A convenient route to 1,4-monoprotected dialdehydes, 1,4-ketoaldehydes, gamma lactols and gamma lactones through radical alkylation of alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes in organic and organic-aqueous media

DONDI, DANIELE;FAGNONI, MAURIZIO;MELLA, MARIELLA;ALBINI, ANGELO
2003

Abstract

a,b-Unsaturated aldehydes were smoothly alkylated by radicals generated through photosensitised hydrogen abstraction of benzophenone. In this way, and by using 1,3-dioxolane as radical precursor, monoprotected 1,4-dialdehydes were obtained from crotonaldehyde, 2-hexenal, 4-methyl-2-pentenal and cyclohexencarboxyaldehyde in a moderate yield, and in a low yield from b-aryl-a,bunsaturated aldehydes. With 2-alkyl-1,3-dioxolanes, monoprotected 1,4-ketoaldehydes were analogously prepared. By using methanol, ethanol and isopropanol as radical precursors g-lactols were likewise obtained from the above aliphatic aldehydes. These single-step syntheses compared favorably with multi-step approaches previously proposed for some of these compounds. The lactols were conveniently oxidized to the corresponding g-lactones. An alternative to the photosensitisation in organic medium was the use of mixed aqueous-organic solvent and a hydrosoluble photosensitiser (benzophenone disodium disulfonate was prepared for this purpose and successfully used), which allowed a more convenient work up.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/583449
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