A remarkable relationship exists between upper and lower airways. Bronchial obstruction is a paramount feature of asthma as well as nasal obstruction of allergic rhinitis (AR). This study aims to evaluate the response to both bronchodilation and decongestion testing and their relationships in a large group of patients with moderate-severe persistent AR alone. Two hundred eleven patients with moderate-severe persistent AR were prospectively and consecutively evaluated. Clinical examination, skin prick test, spirometry, bronchodilation test, rhinomanometry, and decongestion test were performed on all patients. Seventeen subjects (8%) did not respond to any of the tests, 55 subjects (26.1%) were responders only to the decongestion test, 31 (14.7%) only to the bronchodilation test, and 108 subjects (51.2%) responded to both these tests. Longer AR duration was significantly associated with positive response to both tests (p<0.01). In conclusion, this study provides the first evidence that patients with moderate-severe persistent AR may frequently show reversibility to both bronchodilation and decongestion tests.
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