Let $(S,d)$ be a metric space, $\mathcal{G}$ a $\sigma$-field on $S$ and $(\mu_n:n\geq 0)$ a sequence of probabilities on $\mathcal{G}$. Suppose $\mathcal{G}$ countably generated, the map $(x,y)\mapsto d(x,y)$ measurable with respect to $\mathcal{G}\otimes\mathcal{G}$, and $\mu_n$ perfect for $n>0$. Say that $(\mu_n)$ has a Skorohod representation if, on some probability space, there are random variables $X_n$ such that \begin{equation*} X_n\sim\mu_n\text{ for all }n\geq 0\quad\text{and}\quad d(X_n,X_0)\overset{P}\longrightarrow 0. \end{equation*} It is shown that $(\mu_n)$ has a Skorohod representation if and only if \begin{equation*} \lim_n\,\sup_f\,\abs{\mu_n(f)-\mu_0(f)}=0, \end{equation*} where $\sup$ is over those $f:S\rightarrow [-1,1]$ which are $\mathcal{G}$-universally measurable and satisfy $\abs{f(x)-f(y)}\leq 1\wedge d(x,y)$. An useful consequence is that Skorohod representations are preserved under mixtures. The result applies even if $\mu_0$ fails to be $d$-separable. Some possible applications are given as well.

### A Skorohod representation theorem without separability

#### Abstract

Let $(S,d)$ be a metric space, $\mathcal{G}$ a $\sigma$-field on $S$ and $(\mu_n:n\geq 0)$ a sequence of probabilities on $\mathcal{G}$. Suppose $\mathcal{G}$ countably generated, the map $(x,y)\mapsto d(x,y)$ measurable with respect to $\mathcal{G}\otimes\mathcal{G}$, and $\mu_n$ perfect for $n>0$. Say that $(\mu_n)$ has a Skorohod representation if, on some probability space, there are random variables $X_n$ such that \begin{equation*} X_n\sim\mu_n\text{ for all }n\geq 0\quad\text{and}\quad d(X_n,X_0)\overset{P}\longrightarrow 0. \end{equation*} It is shown that $(\mu_n)$ has a Skorohod representation if and only if \begin{equation*} \lim_n\,\sup_f\,\abs{\mu_n(f)-\mu_0(f)}=0, \end{equation*} where $\sup$ is over those $f:S\rightarrow [-1,1]$ which are $\mathcal{G}$-universally measurable and satisfy $\abs{f(x)-f(y)}\leq 1\wedge d(x,y)$. An useful consequence is that Skorohod representations are preserved under mixtures. The result applies even if $\mu_0$ fails to be $d$-separable. Some possible applications are given as well.
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2013
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/742419
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